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U+5098, 傘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5098

[U+5097]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5099]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +10, 12 strokes, cangjie input 人人人十 (OOOJ), four-corner 80408, composition𠈌)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 113, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 966
  • Dae Jaweon: page 241, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 198, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+5098

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sòaⁿ - vernacular;
  • sàn - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɑnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɑnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑnX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sanX/
Li
Rong
/sɑnX/
Wang
Li
/sɑnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɑnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sǎn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
sǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ sanX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ˤarʔ/
English umbrella, parasol

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10966
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*saːnʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. umbrella, parasol
    /   ―  sǎn  ―  umbrella
    /   ―  yángsǎn  ―  parasol
  2. parachute
    /   ―  tiàosǎn  ―  parachute
    降落 / 降落  ―  jiàngluòsǎn  ―  parachute
    /   ―  sǎnbīng  ―  paratrooper; parachuter
  3. umbrella-like object

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“umbrella”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei 撐桿子
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian) 遮仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 遮仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 遮仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping) 遮仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 雨傘
Jin Taiyuan 傘兒
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen 雨傘
Quanzhou 雨傘
Zhangzhou 雨傘
Taipei
Chaozhou 雨傘雨遮
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou 雨傘
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(counter , hiragana かさ, romaji kasa)

  1. umbrella, parasol
     (かさ) ()
    kasa o sasu
    hold an umbrella
     (かさ) (ひろ)げる
    kasa o hirogeru
    open an umbrella
     (かさ)をすぼめる
    kasa o subomeru
    close an umbrella
     (かさ) ()
    kasa o maku
    roll up an umbrella

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(san) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer san)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tản, tàn, tán)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.