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See also:
U+5098, 傘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5098

[U+5097]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5099]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +10, 12 strokes, cangjie input 人人人十 (OOOJ), four-corner 80408, composition𠈌)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 113, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 966
  • Dae Jaweon: page 241, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 198, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+5098

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sòaⁿ - vernacular;
  • sàn - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɑnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɑnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑnX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sanX/
Li
Rong
/sɑnX/
Wang
Li
/sɑnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɑnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sǎn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
sǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ sanX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ˤarʔ/
English umbrella, parasol

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10966
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*saːnʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. umbrella, parasol
    /   ―  sǎn  ―  umbrella
    /   ―  yángsǎn  ―  parasol
  2. parachute
    /   ―  tiàosǎn  ―  parachute
    降落 / 降落  ―  jiàngluòsǎn  ―  parachute
    /   ―  sǎnbīng  ―  paratrooper; parachuter
  3. umbrella-like object

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“umbrella”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Harbin
Shenyang
Hailar
Ulan Hot
Tongliao
Chifeng
Baochang
Bayanhot
Jinan
Muping
Luoyang
Jiedian
Xi'an
Xining
Xuzhou
Yinchuan
Lanzhou
Ürümqi 雨傘
Wuhan
Chengdu 雨傘撐花兒
Guiyang
Guilin
Liuzhou
Kunming 撐花
Yangzhou
Nanjing
Hefei 撐桿子
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Shunde
Foshan
Zhongshan
Dongguan
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Taishan
Doumen
Kaiping
Shaoguan
Yunfu
Yangjiang
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Nanning
Wuzhou
Yulin 雨遮
Hepu
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian 遮仔
Luchuan 雨傘雨遮
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 遮仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 遮仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 遮仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping) 遮仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 雨傘
Hong Kong
Sabah
Senai
Singkawang
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan 傘兒
Jining 雨傘
Hohhot 雨傘
Baotou 雨傘
Dongsheng
Linhe
Haibowan 雨傘
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Fuqing
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen 雨傘
Quanzhou 雨傘
Zhangzhou 雨傘
Taipei 雨傘
Kaohsiung 雨傘
Tainan 雨笠
Taichung 雨傘
Wuqi
Hsinchu 雨傘
Taitung 雨傘
Lukang
Yilan 雨傘
Magong
Penang 雨傘
Philippines (Manila) 雨傘
Pingnan
Chaozhou 雨傘雨遮
Shantou 雨遮
Haifeng 雨傘
Johor Bahru 雨傘
Haikou
Pinghua Nanning
Guilin
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Hangzhou
Wenzhou 雨傘
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua 雨傘
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha 開發子
Shuangfeng
Loudi
Quanzhou

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
かさ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(counter , hiragana かさ, rōmaji kasa)

  1. an umbrella (cloth-covered frame used for protection against rain or sun)
     (かさ) ()
    kasa o sasu
    hold an umbrella
     (かさ) (ひろ)げる
    kasa o hirogeru
    open an umbrella
     (かさ)をすぼめる
    kasa o subomeru
    close an umbrella
     (かさ) ()
    kasa o maku
    roll up an umbrella

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(san) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tản, tàn, tán)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.