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U+5098, 傘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5098

[U+5097]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5099]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +10, 12 strokes, cangjie input 人人人十 (OOOJ), four-corner 80408, composition𠈌)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 113, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 966
  • Dae Jaweon: page 241, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 198, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+5098

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sòaⁿ - vernacular;
  • sàn - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /sɑnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /sɑnX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sɑnX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sanX/
    Li
    Rong
    /sɑnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /sɑnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /sɑnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    sǎn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    sǎn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sanX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s]ˁarʔ/
    English umbrella, parasol

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10966
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*saːnʔ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. umbrella, parasol
      /   ―  sǎn  ―  umbrella
      /   ―  yángsǎn  ―  parasol
    2. parachute
      /   ―  tiàosǎn  ―  parachute
      降落 / 降落  ―  jiàngluòsǎn  ―  parachute
      /   ―  sǎnbīng  ―  paratrooper; parachuter
    3. umbrella-like object

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of (“umbrella”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Tianjin
    Harbin
    Shenyang
    Hailar
    Ulan Hot
    Tongliao
    Chifeng
    Bayanhot
    Jinan
    Muping
    Luoyang
    Jiedian
    Xi'an
    Xining
    Xuzhou
    Yinchuan
    Lanzhou
    Ürümqi 雨傘
    Wuhan
    Chengdu 雨傘撐花兒
    Guiyang
    Guilin
    Liuzhou
    Kunming 撐花
    Yangzhou
    Nanjing
    Hefei 撐桿子
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Shunde
    Foshan
    Zhongshan
    Dongguan
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
    Taishan
    Kaiping
    Shaoguan
    Yunfu
    Yangjiang
    Xinyi
    Lianjiang
    Nanning
    Wuzhou
    Yulin 雨遮
    Hepu
    Kuala Lumpur
    Gan Nanchang
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang
    Hakka Meixian 遮仔
    Luchuan 雨傘雨遮
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 遮仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 遮仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 遮仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 遮仔
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 雨傘
    Hong Kong
    Sabah
    Senai
    Singkawang
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan 傘兒
    Baochang
    Jining 雨傘
    Hohhot 雨傘
    Baotou 雨傘
    Dongsheng
    Linhe
    Haibowan 雨傘
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Fuqing
    Matsu
    Min Nan Xiamen 雨傘
    Quanzhou 雨傘
    Zhangzhou 雨傘
    Taipei 雨傘
    Kaohsiung 雨傘
    Tainan 雨笠
    Taichung 雨傘
    Wuqi
    Hsinchu 雨傘
    Taitung 雨傘
    Lukang
    Yilan 雨傘
    Magong
    Penang 雨傘
    Philippines (Manila) 雨傘
    Pingnan
    Chaozhou 雨傘雨遮
    Shantou 雨遮
    Haifeng 雨傘
    Johor Bahru 雨傘
    Haikou
    Pinghua Nanning
    Guilin
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Hangzhou
    Wenzhou 雨傘
    Chongming
    Danyang
    Jinhua 雨傘
    Ningbo
    Xiang Changsha 開發子
    Shuangfeng
    Loudi
    Quanzhou

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    かさ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (counter , hiragana かさ, katakana カサ, rōmaji kasa)

    1. umbrella (cloth-covered frame used for protection against rain or sun)
       (かさ) ()
      kasa o sasu
      hold an umbrella
       (かさ) (ひろ)げる
      kasa o hirogeru
      open an umbrella
       (かさ)をすぼめる
      kasa o subomeru
      close an umbrella
       (かさ) ()
      kasa o maku
      roll up an umbrella
      • 1999 February 20 [Dec 15 1994], Takahashi, Rumiko, “PARTパート.6 でんせつあいあいガサ [PART.6 The Legendary Coupling Umbrella]”, in らんま½ [Ranma ½], volume 31 (fiction), 9th edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 87:
        そのカサ (いっ) (しょ)にはいった二人 (ふたり) (かなら) (そう) () (そう) (あい) (なか)になるんですって、だから (でん) (せつ) (あい) (あい)ガサ
        Sono kasa ni issho ni wa itta futari wa kanarazu sōshi sōai no naka ni narun desutte, dakara densetsu no aiaigasa.
        Legend has it as long as two people are under that umbrella together, they’re always in love, and that’s the legendary coupling umbrella.
        ロマンチックよねー。
        Romanchikku yo nē.
        How romantic.
    2. bell; umbrella (of a jellyfish)

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (san) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tản, tàn, tán)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.