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See also: and
U+5098, 傘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5098

[U+5097]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5099]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 9, +10, 12 strokes, cangjie input 人人人十 (OOOJ), four-corner 80408, composition 𠈌)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 113, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 966
  • Dae Jaweon: page 241, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 198, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+5098

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – pictographic representation of an umbrella.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sòaⁿ - vernacular;
  • sàn - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter sanX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɑnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɑnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑnX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sanX/
Li
Rong
/sɑnX/
Wang
Li
/sɑnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɑnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sǎn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
saan2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
sǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ sanX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ˁarʔ/
English umbrella, parasol

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10966
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*saːnʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. umbrella; parasol
      ―  sǎn  ―  umbrella
      ―  yángsǎn  ―  parasol
  2. umbrella-like object
      ―  jūnsǎn  ―  pileus
  3. parachute
      ―  tiàosǎn  ―  parachute
    降落降落  ―  jiàngluòsǎn  ―  parachute
      ―  sǎnbīng  ―  paratrooper; parachuter
  4. a surname: San

Synonyms[edit]

  • (umbrella):

Compounds[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
かさ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *kasa (cover, hat). Cognate with Miyako (kasa), Okinawan (kasa), Yaeyama (kasa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(かさ) or (カサ) (kasa (counter )

  1. umbrella (cloth-covered frame used for protection against rain or sun)
    (かさ)()
    kasa o sasu
    hold an umbrella
    (かさ)(ひろ)げる
    kasa o hirogeru
    open an umbrella
    (かさ)をすぼめる
    kasa o subomeru
    close an umbrella
    (かさ)()
    kasa o maku
    roll up an umbrella
    • 1999 February 20 [1994 December 15], Rumiko Takahashi, “PART(パート).(ろく) (でん)(せつ)(あい)(あい)ガサ”, in らんま½ (らんま½), 9th edition, volume 31 (fiction), Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 87:
      そのカサ(いっ)(しょ)にはいった二人(ふたり)(かなら)(そう)()(そう)(あい)(なか)になるんですって、だから(でん)(せつ)(あい)(あい)ガサ
      Sono kasa ni issho ni haitta futari wa kanarazu sōshi sōai no naka ni naru n desu tte, da kara densetsu no aiaigasa.
      Legend has it that any two people who get under that umbrella together are bound to fall in love, and that’s why it's called the legendary coupling umbrella.
  2. bell; umbrella (of a jellyfish)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997), 新明解国語辞典 (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC sanX). Recorded as Middle Korean 산〯 (sǎn) (Yale: san) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 우산 (usan san))

  1. Hanja form? of (umbrella).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: tản, tàn, tán

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.