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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *meːŋ): semantic  ‎(metal) + phonetic  ‎(OC *meŋ) – engrave in metal. Note that 名 means “name”, hence connotations of “engrave a name in metal”.

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +6, 14 strokes, cangjie input 金弓戈口 (CNIR), four-corner 87160, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1305, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40385
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1807, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4200, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+9298

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (4)
Final: (125)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: míng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/meŋ/ /meŋ/ /mɛŋ/ /mɛjŋ/ /meŋ/ /mieŋ/ /mieŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
míng ‹ meng › /*mˤeŋ/ inscription

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9182 0 /*meːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. inscribe, engrave
  2. inscription
  3. unforgettably

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. inscription

Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term
めい
Grade: S
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese ‎(meng, inscription).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana めい, romaji mei)

  1. inscription

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(myeong) (hangeul , revised myeong, McCune-Reischauer myŏng, Yale myeng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]