姓名

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Chinese[edit]

surname; family name; name
 
name; fame; to describe; place
simp. and trad.
(姓名)
anagram 名姓

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

姓名

  1. full name (of a person)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: S
めい
Grade: 1
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 姓名 (MC siᴇŋH miᴇŋ, literally “surname, clan name + name, given name”). The kan'on, so likely a later borrowing. Compare modern Min Nan reading sèⁿ-miâ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

姓名 (hiragana せいめい, rōmaji seimei)

  1. full name (of a person)
    Synonym: 氏名 (shimei)

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: S
みょう
Grade: 1
on’yomi

/siaumiau//ɕjɔːmjɔː//ɕoːmjoː/

From Middle Chinese 姓名 (MC siᴇŋH miᴇŋ, literally “surname, clan name + name, given name”). The goon, so likely the initial borrowing. Compare modern Hakka reading siang-miàng.

Rare in modern Japanese. Largely superseded by the seimei reading above.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

姓名 (hiragana しょうみょう, rōmaji shōmyō, historical hiragana しやうみやう)

  1. (rare, possibly obsolete) full name (of a person)

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
かばね
Grade: S

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Compound of (kabane, clan) +‎ (na, name).[2][1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

姓名 (hiragana かばねな, rōmaji kabanena)

  1. (rare, possibly obsolete) clan name, surname
    Synonym: (kabane)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

姓名 (seongmyeong) (hangeul 성명)

  1. Hanja form? of 성명 (full name (of a person)).