仮名

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
かり
Grade: 5

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Compound of ‎(kari, borrowing; provisional thing, cognate with verb 借る karu, “to borrow”, the Old Japanese form of modern 借りる kariru) +‎ ‎(na, name, character), from the way that Chinese characters were borrowed for their phonetic values to spell out the sounds of native Japanese words.[1][2]

In contrast to 真名 ‎(mana, true name, true character), a synonym for 漢字 ‎(kanji), indicating Chinese characters used for the meaning instead of for their sound.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

仮名 ‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 假名, hiragana かりな, romaji karina)

  1. a category of Japanese syllabary scripts: kana
  2. a syllabogram, an individual character belonging to one of the syllabaries: kana
  3. a temporary name, an alias
Antonyms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: 5

Grade: 1
Irregular

/karina//kanna/

Contraction of karina above.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [kã̠nna̠]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

仮名 ‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 假名, hiragana かんな, romaji kanna)

  1. a category of Japanese syllabary scripts: kana
  2. a syllabogram, an individual character belonging to one of the syllabaries: kana

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5

Grade: 1
jūbakoyomi

/karina//kanna//kana/

Contraction of kanna above.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

仮名 ‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 假名, hiragana かな, romaji kana)

  1. a category of Japanese syllabary scripts: kana
  2. a syllabogram, an individual character belonging to one of the syllabaries: kana
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 86)
      Cana. カナ (仮名・仮字) 日本の文字の一種. Cananiyù. (仮名に言ふ) 皆の人がわかるように, やさしく話す.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
めい
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 假名 ‎(X mjieng, literally borrowed; false + name). Kan'on, so probably a somewhat later borrowing from Chinese. Compare modern Cantonese reading gaa2 meng4-2.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

仮名 ‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 假名, hiragana かめい, romaji kamei)

  1. an assumed name: an alias, sobriquet, pen name
Antonyms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]


Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
みょう
Grade: 1
on'yomi

/kemjau//kemjɔː//kemjoː/

From Middle Chinese 假名 ‎(X mjieng, literally borrowed; false + name). Goon, so probably an earlier borrowing from Chinese. Compare modern Min Nan reading ké-miâ.

The Buddhist sense derives from use of this term in Chinese as a translation of the Sanskrit term प्रज्ञप्ति ‎(prajñapti, appointing → provisional naming), used in some Buddhist schools to refer to the practice of conceptualising and naming things that are not real.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

仮名 ‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 假名, hiragana けみょう, romaji kemyō, historical hiragana けみやう)

  1. an assumed name: an alias, sobriquet, pen name
  2. in feudal Japan, a public name given to boys upon coming of age, after which their birth names would be kept private
  3. a provisional name given to someone when the real name is unknown: compare English Jane Doe, John Doe
  4. (Buddhism) the conceptualisation and provisional naming of things that are not real; something so named
Antonyms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0