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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
睡-bw.png

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

Note minor compositional differences.

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(eye) + phonetic  – sleep, shut-eye.

Han character[edit]

(radical 109 +8, 13 strokes, cangjie input 月山竹十一 (BUHJM), four-corner 62014, composition)

  1. sleep, doze

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 810, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23448
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1225, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2497, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7761

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (睡), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 是僞切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiuᴇH/ /ʑwie̯H/ /ʑiueH/ /d͡ʑʷiɛH/ /d͡ʑwiə̆H/ /ʑǐweH/ /d͡ʑjuɛH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shuì ‹ dzyweH › /*[d]o[j]-s/ doze off

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1680 3 /*djols/

Verb[edit]

  1. to sleep

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. sleeping

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thuỵ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.