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U+7761, 睡
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7761

[U+7760]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7762]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
13 strokes
Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

Note minor compositional differences.

Han character[edit]

(radical 109, +8, 13 strokes, cangjie input 月山竹十一 (BUHJM), four-corner 62014, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 810, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23448
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1225, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2497, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7761

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
睡-seal.svg 睡-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*toːlʔ
*toːlʔ
*tʰoːl, *tʰoːls
*tʰoːls
*stol
*tol, *dols, *ɢʷɯ
*tol, *tjolʔ
*tols
*tols
*dol, *dols, *du
*dol, *dols
*dols
*tjolʔ
*djol
*djol
*djol
*djolʔ
*djols

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djols): semantic  (eye) + phonetic  (OC *djol) – sleep.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sūi/sùi - literary;
  • chōe/chē - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (25)
    Final () (12)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʑiuᴇH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡ʑʷiɛH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʑjuɛH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡ʑwiə̆H/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʑiueH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʑǐweH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʑwie̯H/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shuì
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shuì
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzyweH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[d]o[j]-s/
    English doze off

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1680
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*djols/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to sleep
    2. (of bed, room) to sleep; to have the capacity for

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 睡覺 (“to sleep”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 睡覺
    Mandarin Beijing 睡覺
    Taiwan 睡覺
    Jinan 睡覺
    Xi'an 睡覺
    Wuhan 睡瞌睡
    Chengdu 睡瞌睡
    Yangzhou 睡覺
    Hefei 睡覺
    Cantonese Guangzhou 瞓覺
    Hong Kong 瞓覺
    Taishan 瞓覺
    Yangjiang 瞓覺
    Gan Nanchang 睏覺
    Hakka Meixian 睡目
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 睡目
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 睡目
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 睡目
    Dongshi (Dabu) 睡目
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 睡目
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 睡目
    Jin Taiyuan 睡覺
    Min Bei Jian'ou 𡬍䁒
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Wu Shanghai 睏覺
    Suzhou 睏覺
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha 睏覺
    Shuangfeng 睏眼閉睏覺

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. sleeping

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune–Reischauer su, Yale swu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thuỵ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.