Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+7761, 睡
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7761

[U+7760]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7762]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
13 strokes
Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

Note minor compositional differences.

Han character[edit]

(radical 109, +8, 13 strokes, cangjie input 月山竹十一 (BUHJM), four-corner 62014, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 810, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23448
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1225, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2497, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7761

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
睡-seal.svg 睡-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*toːlʔ
*toːlʔ
*tʰoːl, *tʰoːls
*tʰoːls
*stol
*tol, *dols, *ɢʷɯ
*tol, *tjolʔ
*tols
*tols
*dol, *dols, *du
*dol, *dols
*dols
*tjolʔ
*djol
*djol
*djol
*djolʔ
*djols

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djols): semantic  (eye) + phonetic  (OC *djol) – sleep.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sūi/sùi - literary;
  • chē/chōe/chēr - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (25)
    Final () (12)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʑiuᴇH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡ʑʷiɛH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʑjuɛH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡ʑwiə̆H/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʑiueH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʑǐweH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʑwie̯H/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shuì
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shuì
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzyweH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[d]o[j]-s/
    English doze off

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1680
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*djols/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to sleep
    2. (of bed, room) to sleep; to have the capacity for
    3. (colloquial) to sleep with (somebody) (have sexual intercourse with)

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 睡覺 (“to sleep”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 睡覺
    Mandarin Beijing 睡覺, , 歇覺
    Taiwan 睡覺,
    Jinan 睡覺
    Xi'an 睡覺
    Wuhan 睡瞌睡
    Chengdu 睡瞌睡
    Yangzhou 睡覺
    Hefei 睡覺
    Cantonese Guangzhou , 瞓覺
    Hong Kong , 瞓覺
    Taishan , 瞓覺
    Yangjiang , 瞓覺
    Gan Nanchang , 睏覺
    Hakka Meixian 睡目
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 睡目
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 睡目
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 睡目
    Dongshi (Dabu) 睡目,
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 睡目,
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 睡目,
    Huizhou Jixi , 睏覺
    Jin Taiyuan 睡覺
    Min Bei Jian'ou 𡬍䁒
    Min Dong Fuzhou , 睏眠
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Wu Shanghai , 睏覺
    Suzhou 睏覺
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha , 睏覺
    Shuangfeng 睏眼閉, 睏覺

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. sleeping

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (su) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thuỵ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.