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See also:
U+9318, 錘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9318

[U+9317]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9319]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167, +8, 16 strokes, cangjie input 金竹十一 (CHJM), four-corner 82114, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1310, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40547
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1812, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4220, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+9318

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
錘-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*toːlʔ
*toːlʔ
*tʰoːl, *tʰoːls
*tʰoːls
*stol
*tol, *dols, *ɢʷɯ
*tol, *tjolʔ
*tols
*tols
*dol, *dols, *du
*dol, *dols
*dols
*tjolʔ
*djol
*djol
*djol
*djolʔ
*djols

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “What relation is there between , , , and ?”

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (11) (11)
Final () (14) (14)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () Chongniu III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠiuᴇ/ /ɖˠiuᴇH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖʷᵚiɛ/ /ɖʷᵚiɛH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiuɛ/ /ȡiuɛH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖjwiə̆/ /ɖjwiə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ȡjue/ /ȡjueH/
Wang
Li
/ȡǐwe/ /ȡǐweH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱwie̯/ /ȡʱwie̯H/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chuí zhuì
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chuí
Middle
Chinese
‹ drjwe ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-t<r>oj/
English sledge-hammer

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 1668 1670 1681
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*dol/ /*dols/ /*du/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. hammer
  2. (Mainland China, neologism, slang) proof

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 錘子 (“hammer”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 錘子
Mandarin Beijing 錘子榔頭
Taiwan 錘子
Jinan 錘子
Xi'an 釘錘兒
Wuhan 釘錘錘子榔頭
Chengdu 釘錘兒錘錘兒
Yangzhou 榔頭
Hefei 錘子釘錘
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Yangjiang 錘仔
Gan Nanchang 釘錘子
Hakka Meixian 錘仔鐵錘
Jin Taiyuan 錘子
Min Bei Jian'ou 鐵錘仔
Min Dong Fuzhou 鐵錘囝鐵錘
Min Nan Xiamen 鐵錘鐵釘仔錘錘仔
Quanzhou 鐵錘錘仔
Zhangzhou 錘仔
Taipei 摃錘仔
Chaozhou 鐵錘
Wu Suzhou 榔頭
Wenzhou 鞋錘兒錘兒榔頭
Xiang Changsha 錘子釘錘子釘錘
Shuangfeng 錘子

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. weight, sinker
  2. spindle

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Removed from the daily use Jōyō kanji by the Japanese government in 2010.[1]
  • As in historical on-readings ending in -ゐ, such as "ゆゐ" and "るゐ", most dictionaries do not have "すゐ", "つゐ", and "づゐ" as historical readings for 錘. According to historical data, the on-readings of 錘 are the modern "すい" and "つい", as well as "づい". However, the Dai Kanwa Jiten, has the -ゐ historical on-readings.


Kanji in this term
おもり
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おもり, rōmaji omori)

  1. Alternative form of 重り (omori, weight; sinker)

References[edit]

  1. ^ October 21, 2009, The Japan Times, Get set for next year's overhaul of joyo kanji. Accessed February 23, 2010.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chu) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chuy, chuỳ, dùi, thuỳ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.