spindle

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English spindle, spyndel, spyndylle, from Old English spindle, spindel, alteration of earlier spinel, spinil, spinl ‎(spindle), from Proto-Germanic *spinnilō ‎(spindle), equivalent to spin +‎ -le. Cognate with Scots spindil, spinnell ‎(spindle), Dutch spil ("spindle"; < Middle Dutch spille, spinle), German Spindel ‎(spindle), Danish spindel ‎(spindle), Swedish spindel ‎(spindle).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

spindle ‎(plural spindles)

  1. (spinning) A rod used for spinning and then winding natural fibres (especially wool), usually consisting of a shaft and a circular whorl positioned at either the upper or lower end of the shaft when suspended vertically from the forming thread.
  2. A rod which turns, or on which something turns.
    the spindle of a vane
    • 2012 March 1, Henry Petroski, “Opening Doors”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 2, page 112-3:
      A doorknob of whatever roundish shape is effectively a continuum of levers, with the axis of the latching mechanism—known as the spindle—being the fulcrum about which the turning takes place.
  3. A rotary axis of a machine tool or power tool.
  4. Certain of the species of the genus Euonymus, originally used for making the spindles used for spinning wool.
  5. An upright spike for holding paper documents by skewering.
  6. The fusee of a watch.
  7. A long and slender stalk resembling a spindle.
  8. A yarn measure containing, in cotton yarn, 15,120 yards; in linen yarn, 14,400 yards.
  9. (geometry) A solid generated by the revolution of a curved line about its base or double ordinate or chord.
  10. Any marine univalve shell of the genus Rostellaria; a spindle stromb.
  11. Any marine gastropod of the genus Fusus.
  12. Coastal New Jersey: a dragonfly

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

  • (a tree from the Euonymus genus): euonymus

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

spindle ‎(third-person singular simple present spindles, present participle spindling, simple past and past participle spindled)

  1. To make into a long tapered shape.
  2. To impale on a device for holding paper documents.
    Do not fold, spindle or mutilate this document.

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]