椿

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椿 U+693F, 椿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-693F

[U+693E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6940]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

椿 (radical 75, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 木手大日 (DQKA), four-corner 45963, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 538, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15090
  • Dae Jaweon: page 925, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1242, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+693F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
椿

Glyph origin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 椿
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰuən⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰuən⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰuən²¹/
/t͡sʰuən²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuən²⁴/
Xi'an /p͡fʰẽ²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰə̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰyn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sʰuən⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡sʰuen⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰun³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰuən²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰəŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰən⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰz̩ʷen³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰoŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰyʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰyan¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰyn³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰyn³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰun⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰun⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tʃʰun²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰøn⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰøn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰun⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰœyŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰuŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sun²³/

Rime
Character 椿
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (10)
Final () (47)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈʰiuɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈʰʷin/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶʰjuen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈʰwin/
Li
Rong
/ȶʰiuĕn/
Wang
Li
/ȶʰĭuĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶʰi̯uĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chūn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 椿
Reading # 1/1
No. 12566
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
椿
Old
Chinese
/*tʰun/

Definitions[edit]

椿

  1. Chinese toon (Toona sinensis), a type of tree that blooms white flowers in the summer and has edible leaves
  2. tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima)
  3. (figurative) father
  4. of advanced age

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

椿

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. Chinese mahogany (Toona sinesis)
  2. unexpected
  3. camellia

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
椿
つばき
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Etymology[edit]

⟨tubaki1 → */tubakʲi//t͡subaki/

From Old Japanese.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

椿(つばき) (tsubaki

  1. a camellia, especially the Japanese camellia, Camellia japonica
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 1, poem 73), text here
      吾妹(わぎも)子乎(こを)(はや)()濱風(はまかぜ)(やまと)(なる)()(まつ)椿(つばき)不吹有(ふかざる)()(ゆめ) [Man'yōgana]
      我妹(わぎも)()(はや)()浜風(はまかぜ)大和(やまと)なる()(まつ)椿(つばき)()かざるなゆめ [Modern spelling]
      wagimoko o hayami hamakaze Yamato naru a o matsu tsubaki fukazaru na yume
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    Synonym: 山茶 (sancha)
    Hyponyms: 藪椿 (yabu tsubaki), 雪椿 (yuki tsubaki)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

椿(つばき) (Tsubaki

  1. a place name
  2. a surname
  3. a female given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

椿 (chun) (hangeul , revised chun, McCune–Reischauer ch'un, Yale chwun)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

椿 (xoan, xuân, dăng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.