椿

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椿 U+693F, 椿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-693F

[U+693E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6940]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

椿 (radical 75, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 木手大日 (DQKA), four-corner 45963, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 538, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15090
  • Dae Jaweon: page 925, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1242, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+693F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
椿

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tuːnʔ
*rduːn, *duːn, *tun
*donʔ, *duːn, *duːnʔ
*tuːnʔ, *tjuns
*tuːns
*tuːns
*tʰuːn, *tʰuːnʔ
*tʰuːnʔ
*duːn, *tun
*duːn
*duːn
*duːn
*duːn
*duːn, *stʰuːn
*duːn
*duːn
*duːn, *duːnʔ
*duːnʔ
*tun
*tʰun
*tʰun
椿 *tʰun
*tʰunʔ, *tʰjunʔ
*tjun
*tjun, *tjuns
*tjunʔ, *djun
*tʰjun
*tʰjunʔ
*tʰjunʔ
*tʰjunʔ
*djun
*hljunʔ
*hljuns

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 椿
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰuən⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰuən⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰuən²¹/
/t͡sʰuən²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuən²⁴/
Xi'an /p͡fʰẽ²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰə̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰyn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sʰuən⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡sʰuen⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰun³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰuən²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰəŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰən⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰz̩ʷen³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰoŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰyʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰyan¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰyn³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰyn³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰun⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰun⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tʃʰun²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰøn⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰøn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰun⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰœyŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰuŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sun²³/

Rime
Character 椿
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (10)
Final () (47)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈʰiuɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈʰʷin/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶʰjuen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈʰwin/
Li
Rong
/ȶʰiuĕn/
Wang
Li
/ȶʰĭuĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶʰi̯uĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chūn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 椿
Reading # 1/1
No. 12566
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
椿
Old
Chinese
/*tʰun/

Definitions[edit]

椿

  1. Chinese toon (Toona sinensis), a type of tree that blooms white flowers in the summer and has edible leaves
  2. tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima)
  3. (figuratively) father
  4. of advanced age

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

椿

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. Chinese mahogany (Toona sinesis)
  2. unexpected
  3. camellia

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
椿
つばき
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Etymology[edit]

⟨tubaki1 → */tubakʲi//t͡subaki/

From Old Japanese.

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

椿 (hiragana つばき, katakana ツバキ, rōmaji tsubaki)

  1. a camellia, especially the Japanese camellia, Camellia japonica
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 1, poem 73), text here
      吾妹 (わぎも) () () (はや) ()濱風 (はまかぜ) (やまと) (なる) () (まつ)椿 (つばき)不吹有 (ふかざる) () (ゆめ) [Man'yōgana]
      我妹 (わぎも) () (はや) ()浜風 (はまかぜ)大和 (やまと)なる () (まつ)椿 (つばき) ()かざるなゆめ [Modern spelling]
      wagimoko o hayami hamakaze Yamato naru a o matsu tsubaki fukazaru na yume
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    Synonym: 山茶 (sancha)
    Hyponyms: 藪椿 (yabu tsubaki), 雪椿 (yuki tsubaki)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

椿 (hiragana つばき, rōmaji Tsubaki)

  1. a place name
  2. a surname
  3. a female given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

椿 (chun) (hangeul , revised chun, McCune–Reischauer ch'un, Yale chwun)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

椿 (xoan, xuân, dăng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.