tún

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Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse tún, from Proto-Germanic *tūną, from Gaulish *dūnon, from Proto-Celtic *dūnom, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewh₂- (to finish, come full circle).

Noun[edit]

tún n (genitive singular túns, plural tún)

  1. forecourt (e.g. asphalted), way between houses, street in a Faroese village

Declension[edit]

Declension of tún
n3 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative tún túnið tún túnini
accusative tún túnið tún túnini
dative túni túninum túnum túnunum
genitive túns túnsins túna túnanna

Derived terms[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse tún, from Proto-Germanic *tūną, from Gaulish *dūnon, from Proto-Celtic *dūnom, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewh₂- (to finish, come full circle).

Noun[edit]

tún n (genitive singular túns, nominative plural tún)

  1. a hayfield

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

tún (Zhuyin ㄊㄨㄣˊ)

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Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *tūną (fence, enclosure), from Gaulish *dūnon, from Proto-Celtic *dūnom (stronghold). Cognate with Old English tūn, Old Frisian tūn, Old Saxon tūn, Old High German zūn. See also Proto-Slavic *tynъ (fence), which is a borrowing from the Proto-Germanic word. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewh₂- (to finish, come full circle).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (12th century Icelandic) IPA(key): /ˈtuːn/

Noun[edit]

tún n (genitive túns, plural tún)

  1. a hedged plot, enclosure, courtyard, homestead
    • Sigurðarkviða Fáfnisbana III, verse 29, lines 7-8, in 1860, T. Möbius, Edda Sæmundar hins fróða: mit einem Anhang zum Theil bisher ungedruckter Gedichte. Leipzig, page 147:
      [] ok gullu víð / gæss í túni.
      [] and in the court / the geese loudly screamed.
  2. a field or meadow around the dwelling
    • Saga Sigurðar Jórsalafara 13, in 1832, R. Rask, Fornmanna sögur, Volume VII. Copenhagen, page 97:
      [] sem eitt tún vítt vel ok kringlótt, []
      [] as a broad and round-shaped field, []

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Norwegian Bokmål: tun n
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: tun n
  • Swedish: ton n, tun n (dialectal)

References[edit]

  • tún in An Icelandic-English Dictionary, R. Cleasby and G. Vigfússon, Clarendon Press, 1874, at Internet Archive.
  • tún in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.