Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+9219, 鈙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9219

[U+9218]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+921A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167, +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 金卜水 (CYE), four-corner 81147, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1299, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40233
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1801, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4176, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+9219

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯːm, *kɯːms
*ŋɯːmʔ, *ŋ̊ʰrɯm, *ŋ̊ʰɯmʔ
*krɯm
*krɯmʔ
*kʰrɯm
*kʰrɯm
*kʰrɯm
*kʰrɯms
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯmʔ, *ŋɡrɯm
*ɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm
*ŋɡrɯmʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡrɯms): phonetic  (OC *krɯm) + semantic  (to hit lightly).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiɪmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡᵚimH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiemH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gjimH/
Li
Rong
/ɡjəmH/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭĕmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯əmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jìn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6690
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
𦧈
Old
Chinese
/*ɡrɯms/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to hold; to grasp

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to hold, to grasp, irregular, uneven; a precipice beneath an overhanging cliff; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“a kind of pen; a kind of chisel”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: cầm ((cự)(cấm)(thiết))
: Nôm readings: chìa

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(chìa)

  1. key
Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

(chìa)

  1. to stretch
    (chìa)(ra)
    to stretch out

References[edit]

  • Nôm Lookup Tool, Vietnamese Nom Preservation Foundation
  • Lê Sơn Thanh, "Nom-Viet.dat", WinVNKey (details)
  • Trần Văn Chánh (1999), Từ Điển Hán Việt, Ho Chi Minh City: Youth Publishing House (Hán Việt fanqie)