loan

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See also: loán and loạn

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English lone, lane, from Old Norse lán ‎(loan), from Proto-Germanic *laihną ‎(that which is lent, loan, fief), from Proto-Indo-European *leykʷ- ‎(to leave, leave over). Cognate with Icelandic lán ‎(loan), Swedish lån ‎(loan), Danish lån ‎(loan), German Lehen ‎(fief, feudal estate), Dutch leen ‎(fief, feudatory, something lent), West Frisian lien ‎(something borrowed, loan), North Frisian leen ‎(fief, loan, office), Scots lane, lain, len ‎(loan), Old English lǣn ‎(loan, borrowing, lease, grant, gift, present, benefit). More at lend.

Noun[edit]

loan ‎(plural loans)

  1. (banking, finance) A sum of money or other valuables or consideration that an individual, group or other legal entity borrows from another individual, group or legal entity (the latter often being a financial institution) with the condition that it be returned or repaid at a later date (sometimes with interest).
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 2, The Mirror and the Lamp[1]:
      That the young Mr. Churchills liked—but they did not like him coming round of an evening and drinking weak whisky-and-water while he held forth on railway debentures and corporation loans. Mr. Barrett, however, by fawning and flattery, seemed to be able to make not only Mrs. Churchill but everyone else do what he desired.
    He got a loan of five thousand pounds.
    All loans from the library, whether books or audio material, must be returned within two weeks.
  2. The contract and array of legal or ethical obligations surrounding a loan.
    He made a payment on his loan.
  3. The permission to borrow any item.
    Thank you for the loan of your lawn mower.
Hypernyms[edit]
  • (something that a legal entity borrows): bailment
Hyponyms[edit]
  • (something that a legal entity borrows): mutuum
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

loan ‎(third-person singular simple present loans, present participle loaning, simple past and past participle loaned)

  1. (usually double transitive, US, dated in UK, informal) To lend (something) to (someone).
    • 1820 June 1, William King, in 1820, Letters to James Monroe: President of the United States, from William King,
      In the course of a correspondence that passed between us at this period, he mentioned, to my utter astonishment, the fact of his having loaned Neilson 81000 to buy my bill on Maryland; and stated that he could not proceed to make the payment until Neilson refunded the money.
    • 1992, Carlo Ginzburg, The Cheese and the Worms: The Cosmos of a Sixteenth-Century Miller, page 30,
      All the rest—six out of eleven, more than half—were loaned to him.
    • 2015, Joanne M. Flood, Wiley GAAP 2015: Interpretation and Application of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, page 574,
      Upon maturity of the debt, the investment bank returns the loaned shares.
      On the date of issuance, the entity should record the loaned shares at their fair value and recognize them as an issuance cost, with an offset to additional paid-in capital.
Usage notes[edit]
  • This usage, once widespread in the UK, is now confined to the US (or perhaps parts thereof).
  • It is often considered preferable to use lend when the object being loaned or lent is something other than money.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See lawn.

Noun[edit]

loan ‎(plural loans)

  1. (Scotland) A lonnen.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

loan

  1. Genitive singular form of loka.

Anagrams[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

loan

  1. Second-person plural (ustedes) present indicative form of loar.
  2. Third-person plural (ellos, ellas, also used with ustedes?) present indicative form of loar.

Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Vietnamese, from

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

loan

  1. hen-phoenix