lien

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See also: Lien, líen, liền, and liên

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Middle French lien, from Latin ligāmen (a bond), from ligō (tie, bind).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lien (plural liens)

  1. (obsolete) A tendon.
  2. (law) A right to take possession of a debtor’s property as security until a debt or duty is discharged.
    • 1989, Greil Marcus, Lipstick Traces, Faber & Faber, published 2009:
      [] every youth movement presents itself as loan to the future, and tries to call in its lien in advance, but when there is no future all loans are canceled.
    • 2002, Colin Jones, The Great Nation, Penguin 2003, p. 7:
      Bodin deemed the king of France's power as absolute in the sense that the ruler was ‘absolved’ by divine sanction from legally binding liens and restrictions.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

lien

  1. (biblical, archaic) Alternative form of lain

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Latin lien (spleen). Doublet of spleen.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlaɪ.in/, /ˈlaɪ.ən/

Noun[edit]

lien (plural lienes)

  1. (uncommon, possibly obsolete) The spleen.
    Synonym: milt
    • 1892, John Marie Keating, Henry Hamilton, John Chalmers Da Costa, A New Pronouncing Dictionary of Medicine:
      Li'enal. Pertaining to the lien or spleen; splenic.
    • 1914, Quain's Elements of Anatomy, volume 1, page 312:
      The lien or spleen (figs. 282 to 285) is a soft, highly vascular contractile and very elastic organ of a dark purplish colour. It is placed obliquely behind the stomach, [...]
Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lien m (plural liennow)

  1. literature

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French lien, from Old French lien, liem, from Latin ligāmen (bond), from ligō.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ljɛ̃/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

lien m (plural liens)

  1. link

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Irish selg, Lithuanian blužnis, Ancient Greek σπλήν (splḗn), Old Armenian փայծաղն (pʿaycałn), Avestan 𐬯𐬞𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬰𐬀𐬥-(spərəzan-), Sanskrit प्लीहन् (plīhán). Doublet of splen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

liēn m (genitive liēnis); third declension

  1. spleen

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative liēn liēnēs
Genitive liēnis liēnum
Dative liēnī liēnibus
Accusative liēnem liēnēs
Ablative liēne liēnibus
Vocative liēn liēnēs

References[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

lien

  1. 2nd person singular present indicative form of līst
  2. 3rd person singular present indicative form of līst
  3. 3rd person plural present indicative form of līst
  4. 2nd person singular imperative form of līst
  5. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of līst
  6. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of līst

Livonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Finnish lainata.

Verb[edit]

lien

  1. (Salaca) give a loan

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Dutch *līan, from Proto-Germanic [Term?].

Verb[edit]

liën

  1. (transitive) to admit
  2. (transitive) to acknowledge, to be convinced
  3. (transitive) to declare
  4. (intransitive) to assent
Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Dutch līan, from Proto-West Germanic *līhwan, from Proto-Germanic *līhwaną, from Proto-Indo-European *leykʷ-.

Verb[edit]

liën

  1. (eastern) to lend
Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English liċġan, from Proto-West Germanic *liggjan, from Proto-Germanic *ligjaną.

Verb[edit]

lien (third-person singular simple present lith, present participle liende, first-/third-person singular past indicative leie, past participle leien)

  1. to lie (be in a horizontal position)
    • c. 1400, Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales, General Prologue, lines 19-20:
      Bifil that in that seson, on a day, / In Southwerk at the Tabard as I lay
      It happened that, in that season, on a day / In Southwark, at the Tabard, as I lay
Alternative forms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • English: lie, lig
  • Scots: lie

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English lēogan, from Proto-West Germanic *leugan, from Proto-Germanic *leuganą.

Verb[edit]

lien (third-person singular simple present lieth, present participle liende, first-/third-person singular past indicative legh, past participle louen)

  1. to lie (tell a falsehood)
Alternative forms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old French lier, liier (to tie up, connect), from Latin ligāre (to tie, bind).

Verb[edit]

lien (third-person singular simple present lieth, present participle liende, first-/third-person singular past indicative and past participle liid) (cooking)

  1. to thicken (a soup, etc.) by mixing
  2. to bind (ground meat, etc. with eggs, sauce, etc.)
  3. to coat (something with sauce, etc.)
Alternative forms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Middle French lien (tie, strap), from Latin ligāmen (bandage, band, tie).

Noun[edit]

lien (plural liens)

  1. bond, fetter
Alternative forms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Noun[edit]

lien (plural liens)

  1. Alternative form of len

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French lien.

Noun[edit]

lien m (plural liens)

  1. tie; strap
  2. (by extension) link (association)

Descendants[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • lïen (diareses not universally used in transcriptions of Old French)

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ligāmen.

Noun[edit]

lien m (oblique plural liens, nominative singular liens, nominative plural lien)

  1. tie; strap
    • late 12th century, anonymous, La Folie de Tristan d'Oxford, page 408 (of the Champion Classiques edition of Le Roman de Tristan, →ISBN, lines 901-2:
      Brenguain, ore alez pur le chen,
      amenez k'od tut le lïen
      Brangain, go get the dog,
      bring it with its leash

Descendants[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

lien

  1. definite singular of lie

Anagrams[edit]