lien

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See also: Lien, líen, liền, and liên

English[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Middle French lien, from Latin ligāmen (a bond), from ligō (tie, bind).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

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lien (plural liens)

  1. (obsolete) A tendon.
  2. (law) A legal claim; a charge upon real or personal property for the satisfaction of some debt or duty.
    • 2002, Colin Jones, The Great Nation, Penguin 2003, p. 7:
      Bodin deemed the king of France's power as absolute in the sense that the ruler was ‘absolved’ by divine sanction from legally binding liens and restrictions.
Quotations[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

lien

  1. (biblical, archaic) Alternative form of lain
    1611, Bible (King James Version), Genesis 26:10:
    And Abimelech said, What is this thou hast done vnto vs? one of the people might lightly haue lien with thy wife, and thou shouldest haue brought guiltinesse vpon vs.”
    1611, Bible (King James Version), Numbers 5:19:
    And the Priest shall charge her by an othe, and say vnto the woman, If no man haue lyen with thee, and if thou hast not gone aside to vncleannesse with another in stead of thy husband, be thou free from this bitter water that causeth the curse.

Anagrams[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lien m (plural liennow)

  1. literature

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French lien, from Old French lien, from Latin ligāmen (bond), from ligō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lien m (plural liens)

  1. link

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European [Term?]. Cognate with Old Irish selg, Lithuanian blužnis, Ancient Greek σπλήν (splḗn), Old Armenian փայծաղն (pʿaycałn), Avestan 𐬯𐬞𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬰𐬀𐬥- (spərəzan-), and Sanskrit प्लिहन् (plihan).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

liēn m (genitive liēnis); third declension

  1. spleen

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative liēn liēnēs
genitive liēnis liēnum
dative liēnī liēnibus
accusative liēnem liēnēs
ablative liēne liēnibus
vocative liēn liēnēs

References[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

lien

  1. 2nd person singular present indicative form of līst
  2. 3rd person singular present indicative form of līst
  3. 3rd person plural present indicative form of līst
  4. 2nd person singular imperative form of līst
  5. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of līst
  6. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of līst

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

liën

  1. (transitive) to admit
  2. (transitive) to acknowledge, to be convinced
  3. (transitive) to declare
  4. (intransitive) to assent
Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Dutch *līan, from Proto-Germanic *līhwaną, from Proto-Indo-European *leykʷ-.

Verb[edit]

liën

  1. (eastern) to lend
Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Further reading[edit]

  • liën (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • liën (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929
  • liën (II)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French lien.

Noun[edit]

lien m (plural liens)

  1. tie; strap
  2. (by extension) link (association)

Descendants[edit]

  • English: lien (borrowing)
  • French: lien

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • lïen (diareses not universally used in transcriptions of Old French)

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ligāmen.

Noun[edit]

lien m (oblique plural liens, nominative singular liens, nominative plural lien)

  1. tie; strap
    • late 12th century, anonymous, La Folie de Tristan d'Oxford, page 408 (of the Champion Classiques edition of Le Roman de Tristan, ISBN 2-7453-0520-4, lines 901-2:
      Brenguain, ore alez pur le chen,
      amenez k'od tut le lïen
      Brangain, go get the dog,
      bring it with its leash

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle French: lien
    • English: lien (borrowing)
    • French: lien

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

lien

  1. definite singular of lie