σπλήν

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *σπληχ- (*splēkh-), *σπλαχ- (*splakh-), from Proto-Indo-European, but the exact root remains formally difficult to construct, perhaps akin to *splēngʰ.[1]

Cognate with Old Irish selg, Lithuanian blužnis, Latin lien, Old Armenian փայծաղն (pʿaycałn), Avestan 𐬯𐬞𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬰𐬀𐬥(spərəzan), and Sanskrit प्लीहन् m (plīhán).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

σπλήν (splḗnm (genitive σπληνός); third declension

  1. milt, spleen

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Byzantine Greek: σπλήνα (splḗna)
  • Latin: splen m

References[edit]

  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) , “σπλήν”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1384

Further reading[edit]