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See also: Lith., lith-, and -lith



Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English lith, lyth, from Old English liþ (limb, member, joint, tip of finger, point), from Proto-Germanic *liþuz (limb), from Proto-Indo-European *(e)lAi- (to bend). Cognate with Scots lith (part of the body, joint), West Frisian lid (part of the body, member), Dutch lid (limb, member, section), Middle High German lit (limb, member), Swedish led (joint, link, channel), Icelandic liður (item), Dutch lid (part of the body; member) and gelid (joint, rank, file), German Glied (limb, member, link).

Alternative forms[edit]


lith (plural liths)

  1. (UK dialectal) A limb; any member of the body.
  2. (UK dialectal) A joint; a segment or symmetrical part or division.
    lith and limb;  out of lith
    • 1485, Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book III, chapter xiij:
      he departed with the lady / & brouȝt her to Camelot / Soo as they rode in a valey it was ful of stones / and there the ladyes hors stumbled and threwe her doun that her arme was sore brysed and nere she swouned for payne / Allas syr sayd the lady myn arme is oute of lythe wher thorow I must nedes reste me
  3. (Scotland) A segment of an orange, or similar fruit.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English lith, lyth (owndom), from Old Norse lýðr (people, lede), from Proto-Germanic *liudiz (men, people), from Proto-Indo-European *(e)lewedʰ- (man, people). Cognate with Dutch lieden and lui, German Leute (people), Old English lēode (people). More at lede.


lith (uncountable)

  1. Owndom; property.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English *lith, from Old Norse hlið (a gap, gate, space), from Proto-Germanic *hliþą (door, lid, eyelid), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to conceal, hide). Cognate with Norwegian dialectal lid, led (an opening in a fence), Scots lith (a gap in a fence, gate opening), Old English hlid (lid, covering, door, gate, opening). More at lid.


lith (plural liths)

  1. (UK dialectal) A gate; a gap in a fence.




From Old English liþ, from Proto-Germanic *liþuz.



lith (plural liths)

  1. (anatomy) limb, member
  2. (anatomy) joint
  3. (of an orange, apple, onion, etc.) segment, division
  4. joint, slice, segment
  5. one of the rings at the base of a cow's horn


tae lith (third-person singular simple present liths, present participle lithin, simple past lithit, past participle lithit)

  1. to disjoint, sever the joints of, dislocate
  2. to wring a hen's neck