platform

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French plateforme (a flat form), from plate (flat) (from Old French plat, from Ancient Greek πλατύς (platús, flat)) + forme (form) (from Latin fōrma (shape; figure; form)); compare flatscape.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Platforms at Jamaica station on the Long Island Rail Road (LIRR) (sense 12)

platform (plural platforms)

  1. A raised stage from which speeches are made and on which musical and other performances are made.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 13, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      “[…] They talk of you as if you were Croesus—and I expect the beggars sponge on you unconscionably.” And Vickers launched forth into a tirade very different from his platform utterances. He spoke with extreme contempt of the dense stupidity exhibited on all occasions by the working classes.
    Synonym: podium (not for artistic performances)
  2. A raised floor for any purpose, e.g. for workmen during construction, or formerly for military cannon.
  3. A place or an opportunity to express one's opinion; a tribune.
    This new talk show will give a platform to everyday men and women.
    Synonym: podium (only regarding the physical structure)
  4. A kind of high shoe with an extra layer between the inner and outer soles.
  5. (figuratively) Something that allows an enterprise to advance; a foundation or stage.
    • 2012 September 7, Phil McNulty, “Moldova 0-5 England”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      Hodgson may actually feel England could have scored even more but this was the perfect first step on the road to Rio in 2014 and the ideal platform for the second qualifier against Ukraine at Wembley on Tuesday.
  6. (automobiles) A set of components shared by several vehicle models.
  7. (computing) A computer system used to deliver services to clients; a solution
  8. (computing) A particular type of operating system or environment such as a database or other specific software, and/or a particular type of computer or microprocessor, used to describe a particular environment for running other software, or for defining a specific software or hardware environment for discussion purposes.
    That program runs on the X Window System platform.
    • 2013 June 1, “End of the peer show”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8838, page 71:
      Finance is seldom romantic. But the idea of peer-to-peer lending comes close. This is an industry that brings together individual savers and lenders on online platforms. Those that want to borrow are matched with those that want to lend.
  9. (geology) A flat expanse of rock, often the result of wave erosion.
  10. (nautical) A light deck, usually placed in a section of the hold or over the floor of the magazine.
  11. (politics) A political stance on a broad set of issues, which are called planks.
  12. (travel) A raised structure from which passengers can enter or leave a train, metro etc.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 5, in The Celebrity:
      We expressed our readiness, and in ten minutes were in the station wagon, rolling rapidly down the long drive, for it was then after nine. [] As we reached the lodge we heard the whistle, and we backed up against one side of the platform as the train pulled up at the other.
    • 2013 June 1, “Ideas coming down the track”, in The Economist[2], volume 407, number 8838, page 13 (Technology Quarterly):
      A “moving platform” scheme [] is more technologically ambitious than maglev trains even though it relies on conventional rails. Local trains would use side-by-side rails to roll alongside intercity trains and allow passengers to switch trains by stepping through docking bays. This set-up solves several problems […]. Stopping high-speed trains wastes energy and time, so why not simply slow them down enough for a moving platform to pull alongside?
  13. (obsolete) A plan; a sketch; a model; a pattern.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)

Synonyms[edit]

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Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

platform (third-person singular simple present platforms, present participle platforming, simple past and past participle platformed)

  1. (transitive) To furnish with or shape into a platform
    • 1885, Frances Elliot, The Diary of an Idle Woman in Sicily[3], page 192:
      [] upon a smiling knoll platformed by Nature []
  2. (transitive) To place on, or as if on, a platform.
    • 1844, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, To Flush, My Dog
      And this dog was satisfied / If a pale thin hand would glide / Down his dewlaps sloping / Which he pushed his nose within, / After—platforming his chin / On the palm left open.
  3. (obsolete, transitive) To form a plan of; to model; to lay out.
    • 1642, John Milton, The Reason of Church-Government Urg’d against Prelaty; republished in A Complete Collection of the Historical, Political, and Miscellaneous Works of John Milton, [], volume I, Amsterdam [actually London: s.n.], 1698, OCLC 926209975, page 202:
      I have ſaid what is meet to ſome who do not think it for the eaſe of their inconſequent Opinions, to grant that Church-Diſcipline is platform'd in the Bible, but that it is left to the diſcretion of Men.
  4. (politics, transitive) To include in a political platform
    • 1955, Amy Lowell, Complete Poetical Works[4], page 408:
      Among them I scarcely can plot out one truth / Plain enough to be platformed by some voting sleuth / And paraded before the precinct polling-booth.
  5. (transitive) To publish or make visible; to provide a platform for (a topic etc.).
    • 2020 May 28, Bhumika Popli, “Menstrual Hygiene Day: Changing mindsets with ‘period leave’”, in The New Indian Express:
      We want to platform the larger, unspoken issue of menstrual health and hygiene of women at work, and how we as a society need to start taking cognizance of it and start adopting measures to help our women workforce navigate it with ease.
    • 2020 July 29, Conor Friedersdorf, “Purity Politics Makes Nothing Happen”, in The Atlantic:
      If Buckley were still alive today, could a university get away with platforming him in a debate?
    Antonyms: deplatform, no-platform
  6. (film, transitive) To open (a film) in a small number of theaters before a broader release in order to generate enthusiasm.
    • 1981 September 2, Aljean Harmetz, “Comes Fall, a Chance for Serious Movies?”, in The New York Times, page C21:
      But serious movies are not necessarily good movies. A studio that decides to platform a film had better be sure the film will get the necessary good reviews and audience approval. Otherwise, like United Artists' "A Small Circle of Friends," which was platformed around the same time as "The Elephant Man," the film will fail calamitously.
    • 1993 November 25, Bernard Weinraub, “For Movie Industry, Thanksgiving Means A Box-Office Feast”, in The New York Times, page C11:
      Each of these films will be "platformed," the industry term to describe the strategy of opening a movie first in a limited number of theaters to give it an aura of exclusivity, then having its appeal build through word of mouth.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French plateforme.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: plat‧form

Noun[edit]

platform n (plural platformen or platforms, diminutive platformpje n)

  1. A platform, flat surface, notably a dais or stage
  2. A political platform, (electoral) program
  3. A plateau
  4. A flat roof
  5. (obsolete) A ground-plan

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: platform

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Plattform, from French plateforme.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈplɒtform]
  • Hyphenation: plat‧form
  • Rhymes: -orm

Noun[edit]

platform (plural platformok)

  1. (politics) platform (electoral program)
  2. (computing) platform (a particular type of operating system or environment)
  3. platform (a flat surface)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative platform platformok
accusative platformot platformokat
dative platformnak platformoknak
instrumental platformmal platformokkal
causal-final platformért platformokért
translative platformmá platformokká
terminative platformig platformokig
essive-formal platformként platformokként
essive-modal
inessive platformban platformokban
superessive platformon platformokon
adessive platformnál platformoknál
illative platformba platformokba
sublative platformra platformokra
allative platformhoz platformokhoz
elative platformból platformokból
delative platformról platformokról
ablative platformtól platformoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
platformé platformoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
platforméi platformokéi
Possessive forms of platform
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. platformom platformjaim
2nd person sing. platformod platformjaid
3rd person sing. platformja platformjai
1st person plural platformunk platformjaink
2nd person plural platformotok platformjaitok
3rd person plural platformjuk platformjaik

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • platform in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch platform, from Middle French plateforme (Modern French plate-forme).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈplatfɔrm]
  • Hyphenation: plat‧form

Noun[edit]

platform

  1. platform,
    1. a plan; a sketch; a model; a pattern.
      Synonyms: program, rencana
    2. a raised stage from which speeches are made and on which musical and other performances are made.
      Synonyms: panggung, pentas, mimbar
    3. a raised structure from which passengers can enter or leave a train, metro etc.
      Synonym: peron
  2. a political platform, (electoral) program.

Further reading[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French plateforme.

Noun[edit]

platform (definite accusative platformu, plural platformlar)

  1. platform
  2. (transport, travel) platform

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative platform
Definite accusative platformu
Singular Plural
Nominative platform platformlar
Definite accusative platformu platformları
Dative platforma platformlara
Locative platformda platformlarda
Ablative platformdan platformlardan
Genitive platformun platformların
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular platformum platformlarım
2nd singular platformun platformların
3rd singular platformu platformları
1st plural platformumuz platformlarımız
2nd plural platformunuz platformlarınız
3rd plural platformları platformları

Synonyms[edit]