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Translingual

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Etymology

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic 

Han character

(radical 76 +18, 22 strokes, cangjie input 廿土弓人 (TGNO), four-corner 47282, composition)

  1. happy, pleased, glad
  2. joy
  3. to enjoy

References

  • KangXi: page 573, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16242
  • Dae Jaweon: page 961, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2153, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+6B61

Chinese

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuan⁵⁵/
Harbin /xuan⁴⁴/
Tianjin /xuan²¹/
Jinan /xuã²¹³/
Qingdao /xuã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /xuan²⁴/
Xi'an /xuã²¹/
Xining /xuã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xuan⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /xuɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /xuan⁴⁴/
Wuhan /xuan⁵⁵/
Chengdu /xuan⁵⁵/
Guiyang /xuan⁵⁵/
Kunming /xuã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /xuaŋ³¹/
Hefei /xʊ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /xuæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /xuɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xuæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /huø⁵³/
Suzhou /huø⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /huõ³³/
Wenzhou /ɕy³³/
Hui Shexian /xuɛ³¹/
Tunxi /xuːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /xõ³³/
Xiangtan /hɔn³³/
Gan Nanchang /fɵn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /fon⁵/
Taoyuan /fon²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fun⁵³/
Nanning /fun⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /fun⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huan⁵⁵/
/huã⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huaŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xuiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huã³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /huaŋ²³/
/hua²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (32)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/huɑn/ /xuɑn/ /xuɑn/ /hʷɑn/ /hwan/ /xuɑn/ /xuɑn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huān ‹ xwan › /*qʷʰˤar/ rejoice; joyous

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4487 3 /*qʰoːn/

Definitions

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Compounds

References


Japanese

Kanji

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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Readings


Korean

Hanja

‎(hwan) (hangeul , revised hwan, McCune-Reischauer hwan, Yale hwan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

(hoan, hoen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.