surplus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English surplus, from Middle French surplus. Compare French surplus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

surplus (countable and uncountable, plural surpluses or surplusses)

  1. That which remains when use or need is satisfied, or when a limit is reached; excess; overplus.
  2. Specifically, an amount in the public treasury at any time greater than is required for the ordinary purposes of the government.
  3. (law) The remainder of a fund appropriated for a particular purpose.
  4. (law) assets left after liabilities and debts, including capital stock have been deducted.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adjective[edit]

surplus (not comparable)

  1. Being or constituting a surplus; more than sufficient.
    surplus population
    surplus words
    The latest shipment of goods is surplus to our needs.
    • 1953, Samuel Beckett, Watt
      But to return to where we left her, I see her still, propped up in a kind of stupor against one of the walls in which this wretched edifice abounds, her long grey greasy hair framing in its cowl of scrofulous mats a face where pallor, languor, hunger, acne, recent dirt, immemorial chagrin and surplus hair seemed to dispute the mastery.
    • 2013 June 1, “A better waterworks”, in The Economist[1], volume 407, number 8838, page 5 (Technology Quarterly):
      An artificial kidney these days still means a refrigerator-sized dialysis machine. Such devices mimic the way real kidneys cleanse blood and eject impurities and surplus water as urine.

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

surplus (third-person singular simple present surpluses or surplusses, present participle surplussing or surplusing, simple past and past participle surplussed or surplused)

  1. (transitive) To treat as surplus to requirements; to sell off or dismiss from employment, etc.
    • 1952, United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations, Moroccan air base construction. 2 v (page 618)
      This employee was engaged to direct asphalt plants and inasmuch as the work for which he had been employed was completed, he was surplused and his return travel was approved []

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch surplus, from Middle French surplus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsʏr.plʏs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: sur‧plus

Noun[edit]

surplus n (plural surplussen, diminutive surplusje n)

  1. A surplus value, notably of money.
    Synonym: overschot
    Antonym: tekort
  2. A remaining quantity, notably stock excess.
    Synonyms: restant, overschot

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French surplus, from Old French sorplus. Equivalent to sur- +‎ plus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

surplus m (plural surplus)

  1. A surplus.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Italian: surplus

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French surplus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

surplus m (invariable)

  1. a surplus (all senses)

References[edit]

  1. ^ surplus in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French surplus.

Noun[edit]

surplus n (plural surplusuri)

  1. surplus

Declension[edit]