surplus

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Old French sorplus (compare French surplus).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

surplus (plural surpluses or surplusses)

  1. That which remains when use or need is satisfied, or when a limit is reached; excess; overplus.
  2. Specifically, an amount in the public treasury at any time greater than is required for the ordinary purposes of the government.
  3. (law) The remainder of a fund appropriated for a particular purpose.
  4. (law) assets left after liabilities and debts, including capital stock have been deducted.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Adjective[edit]

surplus (not comparable)

  1. Being or constituting a surplus; more than sufficient
    surplus revenues
    surplus population
    surplus words
    It is surplus to our needs
    • 2013 June 1, “A better waterworks”, in The Economist[1], volume 407, number 8838, page 5 (Technology Quarterly):
      An artificial kidney these days still means a refrigerator-sized dialysis machine. Such devices mimic the way real kidneys cleanse blood and eject impurities and surplus water as urine.

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

surplus (third-person singular simple present surpluses or surplusses, present participle surplussing or surplusing, simple past and past participle surplussed or surplused)

  1. To treat as surplus to requirements, to sell off.

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From sur- +‎ plus

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

surplus m (plural surplus)

  1. surplus

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French.

Noun[edit]

surplus m (invariable)

  1. surplus (all senses)