天道

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Chinese[edit]

day; sky; heaven
 
direction; way; method
direction; way; method; road; path; principle; truth; reason; skill; Tao (of Taoism); a measure word; to say; to speak; to talk
trad. (天道)
simp. #(天道)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

天道

  1. (literary, philosophy) laws of nature; laws of heaven
  2. (regional) weather

Synonyms[edit]

  • (laws of nature): 大器 (dàqì)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (天道):
  • Japanese: 天道(てんどう) (tendō)

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
てん
Grade: 1
どう
Grade: 2
goon

From Old Japanese, in turn from Middle Chinese 天道 (MC tʰen dɑuX). The 呉音 (goon), so the earlier borrowing.

First cited to a text from 751 C.E..[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(てん)(どう) (tendō (historical kana てんだう)

  1. [from 751] laws of nature
    Synonym: 天理 (tenri)
  2. [from circa 903] the god of heaven, the god of creation the king or emperor of heaven
    Synonym: 天帝 (tentei)
  3. [from 1603] the path taken through the sky by heavenly objects; (by extension) the (celestial, astronomical) heavens, the sky
    Synonyms: (ten), 天空 (tenkū)
  4. [from 1424] heaven, a land above the clouds
    Synonyms: 天上界 (tenjōkai), 天界 (tenkai)
  5. [from 985] (Buddhism) the heavenly realm, the gods realm (see also Saṃsāra (Buddhism)#Realms of rebirth)
    Synonyms: 天上界 (tenjōkai), 天界 (tenkai)
  6. [from 1500s] (astronomy) the sun (more often found with the reading tentō)
    Synonyms: (hi), 太陽 (taiyō), 日輪 (nichirin)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
てん
Grade: 1
とう
Grade: 2
kan’on

Shift from tendō. The 漢音 (kan'on), so likely a later borrowing from Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(てん)(とう) (tentō (historical kana てんたう)

  1. [from circa 903] the god of heaven, the god of creation the king or emperor of heaven
    Synonym: 天帝 (tentei)
  2. [from 1424] heaven, a land above the clouds
    Synonyms: 天上界 (tenjōkai), 天界 (tenkai)
  3. [from 1500s] (astronomy) the sun
    Synonyms: (hi), 太陽 (taiyō), 日輪 (nichirin)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
てん
Grade: 1
どう > ど
Grade: 2
goon

Shift from tendō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(てん)() (tendo

  1. (Kagoshima) the sun
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Kikai[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *teda, from *tendan, from Middle Chinese 天道.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

天道 (hiragana てぃだ, rōmaji tida)

  1. (astronomy) the sun

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

天道 (cheondo) (hangeul 천도)

  1. Hanja form? of 천도 (laws of nature; laws of heaven).

Kunigami[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *teda, from *tendan, from Middle Chinese 天道.

Noun[edit]

天道 (hiragana てぃだ, rōmaji tida)

  1. (astronomy) the sun

(alternative reading hiragana てぃだー, rōmaji tidā)

  1. (Nakijin) the sun

References[edit]


Miyako[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *teda, from *tendan, from Middle Chinese 天道.

Noun[edit]

天道 (hiragana てぃだ, rōmaji tida)

  1. (astronomy) the sun

References[edit]


Okinawan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *teda, from *tendan, from Middle Chinese 天道.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

天道 (hiragana てぃーだ, rōmaji tīda, alternative reading てぃーら, rōmaji tīra)

  1. (astronomy) the sun

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Yaeyama[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *teda, from *tendan, from Middle Chinese 天道.

Noun[edit]

天道 (hiragana てぃだ, rōmaji tida)

  1. (astronomy) the sun

References[edit]


Yonaguni[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *teda, from *tendan, from Middle Chinese 天道.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

天道 (hiragana てぃだ, rōmaji tida, alternative reading てぃだん, rōmaji tidan)

  1. (astronomy) the sun

References[edit]


Yoron[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *teda, from *tendan, from Middle Chinese 天道.

Noun[edit]

天道 (hiragana てぃだ, rōmaji tida)

  1. (astronomy) the sun

References[edit]