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Vertical ideographic iteration mark.png
U+303B, 〻
VERTICAL IDEOGRAPHIC ITERATION MARK

[U+303A]
CJK Symbols and Punctuation
[U+303C]

Translingual[edit]

Punctuation mark[edit]

  1. Ideographic iteration mark, indicating that the previous character should be repeated.

Chinese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (in horizontal writing)

Punctuation mark[edit]

  1. Used in casual writing as an abbreviation of a repeated character, in vertical writing.

Usage notes[edit]

(èr) (usually appearing as ) is used in casual writing to represent a doubled character in vertical writing, but is never used in formal writing or printed matter.


Japanese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (in horizontal writing)

Punctuation mark[edit]

  1. (now rare) Ideographic iteration mark, indicating that the previous kanji should be repeated in vertical writing. The repeated character might not have the same pronunciation as the first due to rendaku.

References[edit]