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See also: and
U+7B8F, 箏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7B8F

[U+7B8E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7B90]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 118, +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹月尸木 (HBSD), four-corner 88507, composition𥫗)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 887, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26133
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1315, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): not present, would follow volume 5, page 2984, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+7B8F

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsreːŋ): semantic  (bamboo) + phonetic  (OC *ʔsreːŋ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • zang1 - literary (common);
  • zaang1 - vernacular (less common).
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Note: ceng1 - colloquial variant.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (18)
    Final () (117)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃˠɛŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂᵚæŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃɐŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂəɨjŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃɛŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃæŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂæŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhēng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17143
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsreːŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. zither
      /   ―  zhēng  ―  guzheng

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (そう) ()
    • Korean: (, jaeng)
    • Vietnamese: tranh ()

    Compounds[edit]

    See also[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    こと
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi
    Alternative spelling (Japanese zither)
    (koto): a koto, a kind of zither.
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    ⟨ko2to2 → */kətə//koto/

    From Old Japanese.

    Possibly derived from a compound of elements (ko, tree, wood, combining form) +‎ (oto, sound), with the additional medial o dropped by haplology.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (こと) (koto

    1. koto: a Japanese zither derived from the Chinese guzheng
    2. (colloquial) guzheng: a Chinese zither where the koto was based on [since after the Edo period]
    Derived terms[edit]
    Descendants[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    そう
    Hyōgaiji
    kan’on
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia

    /sau//sɔː//soː/

    From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ʃˠɛŋ).

    The kan'on reading, so likely the initial borrowing.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (そう) ( (historical kana さう)

    1. a guzheng, zheng (Chinese zither)
      Synonym: 古箏 (kosō)
    Derived terms[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (そう) ( (historical kana さう)

    1. a surname

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    しょう
    Hyōgaiji
    goon

    /ɕau//ɕɔː//ɕoː/

    Appears in the Iroha Jiruishō (c. mid-late 12th century).

    From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ʃˠɛŋ). The goon reading, so likely a later borrowing.

    Noun[edit]

    (しょう) (shō (historical kana しやう)

    1. (possibly obsolete) a guzheng, zheng (Chinese zither), where the koto was based on

    Derived terms[edit]

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jaeng) (hangeul , revised jaeng, McCune–Reischauer chaeng, Yale cayng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Old Japanese[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Possibly a compound of (ko2, combining form of ki2, “tree, wood) +‎ (oto2, sound), with the additional medial o dropped by haplology or absence of vowel clustering.

    Noun[edit]

    (ko2to2) (kana こと)

    1. a Japanese zither derived from the Chinese guzheng
      • 720, Nihon Shoki (poem 41)
        訶羅怒烏之褒珥椰枳之餓阿摩離虛等珥莵句離訶枳譬句椰由羅能斗能斗那訶能異句離珥敷例多莵那豆能紀能佐椰佐椰
        Karano1 wo sipo ni yaki1 si ga amari ko2to2 ni tukuri kaki1pi1ku ya Yura-no2-to1 no2 to1naka no2 ikuri ni puretatu nadu no2 ki2 no2 sayasaya
        (please add an English translation of this usage example)

    Descendants[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tranh, giành)

    1. zither (e.g., đàn tranh)