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U+7B8F, 箏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7B8F

[U+7B8E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7B90]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 118, +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹月尸木 (HBSD), four-corner 88507, composition𥫗)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 887, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26133
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1315, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 5, page 2984, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+7B8F

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰraːŋ, *sʰreːŋ
*zraːŋ, *zreːŋ
*zraːŋ, *zreːŋ
*ʔsreːŋ
*ʔsreːŋ
*ʔsreːŋ, *zeŋʔ
*ʔsreːŋ, *zreːŋ
*ʔsreːŋs
*sʰreːŋ
*sʰreːŋ
*sʰreːŋ
*zreŋʔ
*zeŋʔ
*zeŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsreːŋ): semantic  (bamboo) + phonetic  (OC *ʔsreːŋ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • zang1 - literary (common);
  • zaang1 - vernacular (less common).
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Note: ceng1 - colloquial variant.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (18)
    Final () (117)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃˠɛŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂᵚæŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃɐŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂəɨjŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃɛŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃæŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂæŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhēng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17143
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsreːŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. zither
      /   ―  zhēng  ―  guzheng

    Compounds[edit]

    See also[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. zither

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    こと
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    ⟨ko2to2 → */kətə//koto/

    From Old Japanese, attested in the three major literature works of the Nara period: the Kojiki (712 CE), the Nihon Shoki (720 CE), and the Man'yōshū (c. 759 CE).

    Possibly derived from a compound of elements (ko, tree, wood, combining form) +‎ (oto, sound), with the additional medial o dropped by haplology.

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana こと, rōmaji koto)

    1. a koto (Japanese zither)
      • 720, Nihon Shoki (poem 41)
         () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () [Man'yōgana]
         (から) () (しほ) () () (あま)こと (つく) () ()くや () () () () (なか)のいくりに () ()つなづの ()のさやさや [Modern spelling]
        Karano o shio ni yaki shi ga amari koto ni tsukuri kakihiku ya Yura-no-to no tonaka no ikuri ni furetatsu nazu no ki no sayasaya
        (please add an English translation of this example)
    2. (colloquial) a guzheng, zheng (Chinese zither), where the koto was based on [since after the Edo period]
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    Kanji in this term
    そう
    Hyōgaiji
    kan’on

    /sau//sɔː//soː/

    From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ʃˠɛŋ).

    The kan'on reading, so likely the initial borrowing.

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana そう, rōmaji , historical hiragana さう)

    1. a guzheng, zheng (Chinese zither)
      Synonym: 古箏 (kosō)
    Derived terms[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana そう, rōmaji , historical hiragana さう)

    1. a surname

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    しょう
    Hyōgaiji
    goon

    /ɕʲau//ɕɔː//ɕoː/

    Appears in the Iroha Jiruishō (c. mid-late 12th century).

    From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ʃˠɛŋ). The goon reading, so likely a later borrowing.

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana しょう, rōmaji shō, historical hiragana しやう)

    1. (possibly obsolete) a guzheng, zheng (Chinese zither), where the koto was based on

    Derived terms[edit]

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jaeng) (hangeul , revised jaeng, McCune–Reischauer chaeng, Yale cayng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tranh, giành)

    1. zither (e.g., đàn tranh)