入る

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
はい
Grade: 1
kun’yomi
Alternative spellings
這入る
挿入る (neologism, sex)

Compound of 這い (to crawl, continuative form) +‎ 入る (iru, to enter, etymology 2)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "入る"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
入る いる [háꜜìrù]
Imperative (命令形) 入れ いれ [háꜜìrè]
Key constructions
Passive 入られる いられ [hàíráréꜜrù]
Causative 入らせる いらせ [hàíráséꜜrù]
Potential 入れる いれ [hàíréꜜrù]
Volitional 入ろう いろ [hàíróꜜò]
Negative 入らない いらない [hàíráꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 入らなかった いらなかった [hàíráꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 入ります いりま [hàírímáꜜsù]
Perfective 入った いった [háꜜìttà]
Conjunctive 入って いって [háꜜìttè]
Hypothetical conditional 入れば いれば [háꜜìrèbà]

Verb[edit]

(はい) (hairuintransitive godan (stem (はい) (hairi), past (はい)った (haitta))

  1. to enter, go into, get into
    風呂(ふろ)(はい)
    o-furo ni hairu
    take a bath
    (literally, “enter the bath”)
    対策(たいさく)検討(けんとう)(はい)
    taisaku no kentō ni hairu
    start discussing plans for countermeasures
    (literally, “enter countermeasure investigation”)
    亀裂(きれつ)(はい)ったタイヤ
    kiretsu ga haitta taiya
    cracked tire
    (literally, “tire that has had cracks enter”)
    ひび(はい)ったiPhone(アイフォン)
    hibi ga haitta aifon
    cracked iPhone
    (literally, “iPhone that has had cracks enter”)
  2. to arrive
  3. to join a group or organization
  4. to contain, include
  5. to include as a member
    先生(せんせい)バナナおやつ(はい)りますか?
    Sensei, banana wa o-yatsu ni hairimasu ka?
    Teacher, do bananas count as snacks? (phrase in popular culture)
  6. to hold in a container, building, etc.
    • 2007, 新時代日漢辭典 (Xīn Shídài Rì-hàn Cídiǎn), 1st edition, 大新書局 (Dàxīn Shūjú), →ISBN:
      この部屋(へや)には百人(ひゃくにん)(はい)れる
      Kono heya ni wa hyakunin haireru.
      This room can contain a hundred people.
  7. for a period of time to begin
  8. to become usable
Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun’yomi
Japanese verb pair
active ()れる
mediopassive ()

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "入る"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
入る [ìrú]
Imperative (命令形) 入れ [ìré]
Key constructions
Passive 入られる られる [ìrárérú]
Causative 入らせる らせる [ìrásérú]
Potential 入られる られる [ìrárérú]
Volitional 入ろう [ìróꜜò]
Negative 入らない らない [ìránáí]
Negative perfective 入らなかった らなかった [ìránáꜜkàttà]
Formal 入ります りま [ìrímáꜜsù]
Perfective 入った った [ìttá]
Conjunctive 入って って [ìtté]
Hypothetical conditional 入れば [ìréꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

() (iruintransitive godan (stem () (iri), past ()った (itta))

  1. to go in; to come in
    • 2007, 新時代日漢辭典 (Xīn Shídài Rì-hàn Cídiǎn), 1st edition, 大新書局 (Dàxīn Shūjú), →ISBN:
      (おれ)(みみ)(みず)()った
      ore no mimi ni mizu ga itta
      Water went in my ear
Conjugation[edit]
Idioms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]
  • Mostly confined to fixed expressions and idioms.

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.
  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN