plectrum

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English[edit]

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Plectra alias picks

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A borrowing from Latin plēctrum, from Ancient Greek πλῆκτρον (plêktron, anything to strike with, an instrument for striking the lyre, a spear point), from πλήσσειν (plḗssein, to strike, to smite, to sting).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plectrum (plural plectrums or plectra)

  1. (music) A small piece of plastic, metal, ivory, etc., for plucking the strings of a guitar, lyre, mandolin, etc.
  2. (anatomy, zoology) An anatomical part resembling a plectrum in shape.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek πλῆκτρον (plêktron), from πλήσσειν (plḗssein, to strike, sting)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plēctrum n (genitive plēctrī); second declension

  1. A plectrum; tool for playing a stringed instrument.
  2. A lyre, lute.

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative plēctrum plēctra
genitive plēctrī plēctrōrum
dative plēctrō plēctrīs
accusative plēctrum plēctra
ablative plēctrō plēctrīs
vocative plēctrum plēctra

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • plectrum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • plectrum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “plectrum”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • plectrum” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • plectrum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • plectrum in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin