plecto

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Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Italic *plektō, from Proto-Indo-European *pleḱ- (to fold, weave), extended from Proto-Indo-European *pel- (to wrap). Cognate with plicō, Ancient Greek πλέκω (plékō).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

plectō (present infinitive plectere, perfect active plexī, supine plexum); third conjugation

  1. I plait, weave, braid
  2. I twist, bend, turn
Conjugation[edit]
  • The third principal part (and its forms) may be either plexī or plexuī.
   Conjugation of plectō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present plectō plectis plectit plectimus plectitis plectunt
imperfect plectēbam plectēbās plectēbat plectēbāmus plectēbātis plectēbant
future plectam plectēs plectet plectēmus plectētis plectent
perfect plexī plexistī plexit pleximus plexistis plexērunt,
plexēre
pluperfect plexeram plexerās plexerat plexerāmus plexerātis plexerant
future perfect plexerō plexeris plexerit plexerimus plexeritis plexerint
passive present plector plecteris,
plectere
plectitur plectimur plectiminī plectuntur
imperfect plectēbar plectēbāris,
plectēbāre
plectēbātur plectēbāmur plectēbāminī plectēbantur
future plectar plectēris,
plectēre
plectētur plectēmur plectēminī plectentur
perfect plexus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect plexus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect plexus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present plectam plectās plectat plectāmus plectātis plectant
imperfect plecterem plecterēs plecteret plecterēmus plecterētis plecterent
perfect plexerim plexerīs plexerit plexerīmus plexerītis plexerint
pluperfect plexissem plexissēs plexisset plexissēmus plexissētis plexissent
passive present plectar plectāris,
plectāre
plectātur plectāmur plectāminī plectantur
imperfect plecterer plecterēris,
plecterēre
plecterētur plecterēmur plecterēminī plecterentur
perfect plexus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect plexus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present plecte plectite
future plectitō plectitō plectitōte plectuntō
passive present plectere plectiminī
future plectitor plectitor plectuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives plectere plexisse plexūrum esse plectī plexum esse plexum īrī
participles plectēns plexūrus plexus plectendus,
plectundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
plectendī plectendō plectendum plectendō plexum plexū
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *pleh₁k- (to beat, strike). Cognate with plangō, plāga, and Ancient Greek πλήσσω (plḗssō).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

plēctō (present infinitive plēctere); third conjugation, no perfect or supine stem

  1. I punish; I beat
    Synonyms: mulctō, castīgō, moneō, multō, pūniō, expiō, obiūrgō, animadvertō, ulcīscor, exsequor
  2. I blame
Conjugation[edit]
   Conjugation of plēctō (third conjugation, no supine stem, no perfect stem)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present plēctō plēctis plēctit plēctimus plēctitis plēctunt
imperfect plēctēbam plēctēbās plēctēbat plēctēbāmus plēctēbātis plēctēbant
future plēctam plēctēs plēctet plēctēmus plēctētis plēctent
passive present plēctor plēcteris,
plēctere
plēctitur plēctimur plēctiminī plēctuntur
imperfect plēctēbar plēctēbāris,
plēctēbāre
plēctēbātur plēctēbāmur plēctēbāminī plēctēbantur
future plēctar plēctēris,
plēctēre
plēctētur plēctēmur plēctēminī plēctentur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present plēctam plēctās plēctat plēctāmus plēctātis plēctant
imperfect plēcterem plēcterēs plēcteret plēcterēmus plēcterētis plēcterent
passive present plēctar plēctāris,
plēctāre
plēctātur plēctāmur plēctāminī plēctantur
imperfect plēcterer plēcterēris,
plēcterēre
plēcterētur plēcterēmur plēcterēminī plēcterentur
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present plēcte plēctite
future plēctitō plēctitō plēctitōte plēctuntō
passive present plēctere plēctiminī
future plēctitor plēctitor plēctuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives plēctere plēctī
participles plēctēns plēctendus,
plēctundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
plēctendī plēctendō plēctendum plēctendō
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • plecto”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • plecto”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • plecto in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette