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Created by chanceries in the 15th century from a stem of Latin plicāre (to fold).[1]


  • IPA(key): /ˈpli.ko/
  • Rhymes: -iko
  • Hyphenation: plì‧co


plico m (plural plichi)

  1. parcel, packet
  2. cover

Related terms[edit]


  1. ^ plico in – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana




From Proto-Italic *plekāō, from Proto-Indo-European *pleḱ- (to plait, to weave) (with i from its compounds, which had much use), the PIE root being an extension of Proto-Indo-European *pel- (to wrap). Cognate with plectō.



plicō (present infinitive plicāre, perfect active plicuī, supine plicātum); first conjugation

  1. (transitive) to fold, bend or flex; to roll up
  2. (late, non classical meaning) (transitive) to arrive (this meaning comes from sailors, for whom the folding of a ship’s sails meant arrival on land)


  • A regularized perfect plicāvī is occasionally found in Medieval usage.
   Conjugation of plicō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present plicō plicās plicat plicāmus plicātis plicant
imperfect plicābam plicābās plicābat plicābāmus plicābātis plicābant
future plicābō plicābis plicābit plicābimus plicābitis plicābunt
perfect plicuī plicuistī plicuit plicuimus plicuistis plicuērunt,
pluperfect plicueram plicuerās plicuerat plicuerāmus plicuerātis plicuerant
future perfect plicuerō plicueris plicuerit plicuerimus plicueritis plicuerint
passive present plicor plicāris,
plicātur plicāmur plicāminī plicantur
imperfect plicābar plicābāris,
plicābātur plicābāmur plicābāminī plicābantur
future plicābor plicāberis,
plicābitur plicābimur plicābiminī plicābuntur
perfect plicātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect plicātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect plicātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present plicem plicēs plicet plicēmus plicētis plicent
imperfect plicārem plicārēs plicāret plicārēmus plicārētis plicārent
perfect plicuerim plicuerīs plicuerit plicuerīmus plicuerītis plicuerint
pluperfect plicuissem plicuissēs plicuisset plicuissēmus plicuissētis plicuissent
passive present plicer plicēris,
plicētur plicēmur plicēminī plicentur
imperfect plicārer plicārēris,
plicārētur plicārēmur plicārēminī plicārentur
perfect plicātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect plicātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present plicā plicāte
future plicātō plicātō plicātōte plicantō
passive present plicāre plicāminī
future plicātor plicātor plicantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives plicāre plicuisse plicātūrum esse plicārī plicātum esse plicātum īrī
participles plicāns plicātūrus plicātus plicandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
plicandī plicandō plicandum plicandō plicātum plicātū

Derived terms[edit]



  • plico”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • plico”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • plico in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag