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U+95C7, 闇
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-95C7

[U+95C6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+95C8]
See also: and 𬮴

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 169 +9, 17 strokes, cangjie input 日弓卜廿日 (ANYTA), four-corner 77601, composition)

  1. close, shut
  2. dark, dismal

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1338, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41421
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1843, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4309, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+95C7

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𬮴 nonstandard simplified

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
闇-bigseal.svg 闇-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qɯːm
*qɯːm
*qɯːm, *qʰaːm, *qʰrɯm
*qɯːm, *qrɯm, *qrɯms
*qɯːmʔ, *qrɯːms
*qɯːmʔ, *qrɯm
*qɯːmʔ, *qɯːb
*qɯːms
*qɯːms
*qrɯːm, *qrɯːmʔ
*qʰrɯm
*qɯm
*qɯm
*qrɯm
*qrɯm
*qrɯms
*kʰrɯb

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qɯːms): semantic  + phonetic (OC *qrɯm).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (159)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔʌmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔəmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɒmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔəmH/
Li
Rong
/ʔᴀmH/
Wang
Li
/ɒmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔămH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
àn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15214
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qɯːms/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. dark, darkness

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Added to the jōyō kanji list on 30 November 2010; previously classified as jinmeiyō kanji.

See also[edit]

  • (Tōyō character written in place of this character)

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
やみ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Ultimate roots uncertain. May be cognate with 病む(yamu, to be ill), 止む(yamu, to stop, to quit), 黄泉(yomi, land of the dead).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana やみ, romaji yami)

  1. the dark, darkness

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
あん
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (ʔəm, dark).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あん, romaji an)

  1. darkness, the dark
  2. a dark place
  3. (Buddhism) darkness, as a metaphor for worldly desires

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(am) (hangeul , revised am, McCune-Reischauer am, Yale am)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ám)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.