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U+5B8F, 宏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B8F

[U+5B8E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B90]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 40 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十大戈 (JKI), four-corner 30432, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 282, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7086
  • Dae Jaweon: page 556, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 916, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5B8F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
宏-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʷɯːŋ
*ɡʷrɯːŋ
*ɡʷrɯːŋ
*ɡʷrɯːŋ
*ɡʷrɯːŋ
*ɡʷrɯːŋ
*ɡʷrɯːŋ
*ɡʷrɯːŋ
*ɡʷrɯːŋ
*ɡʷrɯːŋ
*ɡʷrɯːŋ
*ɡʷɯŋ

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuŋ³⁵/
Harbin /xuŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /xuŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /xuŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /xəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xuŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /xuŋ²⁴/
Xining /xuə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /xuŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /xũn⁵³/
Ürümqi /xuŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /xoŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /xoŋ³¹/
Guiyang /xoŋ²¹/
Kunming /xoŋ³¹/
Nanjing /xoŋ²⁴/
Hefei /xəŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /xuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦoŋ²³/
Suzhou /ɦoŋ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦoŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦoŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /xuʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /xan⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /xoŋ¹³/
Xiangtan /ɦən¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /fen¹¹/
Taoyuan /fen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐŋ²¹/
Nanning /huŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /wɐŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hoŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (118)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠwɛŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚæŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɐŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwəɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɣuɛŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɣwæŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣwæŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hóng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hóng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwɛng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ʷˤ<r>əŋ/
English resounding; great

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4130
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷrɯːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. wide, spacious, great, vast
  2. A surname​.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ひろし, romaji Hiroshi)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(goeng) (hangeul , revised goeng, McCune-Reischauer koeng, Yale koeng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoãng, hoành, giang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.