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U+5B8F, 宏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B8F

[U+5B8E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B90]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 40, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十大戈 (JKI), four-corner 30432, composition)

Further reading[edit]

  • KangXi: page 282, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7086
  • Dae Jaweon: page 556, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 916, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5B8F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms ancient

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
宏-seal.svg

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hong5 - Chaozhou, Shantou, Chenghai, Raoping;
  • kuêng5 - Jieyang, Chaoyang, Pontianak.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /xuŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /xuŋ²⁴/
    Tianjin /xuŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /xuŋ⁴²/
    Qingdao /xəŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /xuŋ⁴²/
    Xi'an /xuŋ²⁴/
    Xining /xuə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /xuŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /xũn⁵³/
    Ürümqi /xuŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /xoŋ²¹³/
    Chengdu /xoŋ³¹/
    Guiyang /xoŋ²¹/
    Kunming /xoŋ³¹/
    Nanjing /xoŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /xəŋ⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /xuəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /xuŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /xũŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦoŋ²³/
    Suzhou /ɦoŋ¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦoŋ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /ɦoŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /xuʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /xan⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /xoŋ¹³/
    Xiangtan /ɦən¹²/
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian /fen¹¹/
    Taoyuan /fen¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐŋ²¹/
    Nanning /huŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /wɐŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔŋ³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ɔŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hoŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (118)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦˠwɛŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷᵚæŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣuɐŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦwəɨjŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣuɛŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣwæŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣwæŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    hóng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    wang4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    hóng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hwɛng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ]ʷˁ<r>əŋ/
    English resounding; great

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4130
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡʷrɯːŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (originally refers to houses) wide; spacious; great; vast
    2. extensive
    3. loud and clear
    4. to enlarge
    5. (computing) macro (comparatively human-friendly abbreviation of complex input to a computer program)
    6. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (ひろし) (Hiroshi

    1. A male given name

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (keul goeng))

    1. large; great

    Compounds[edit]



    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: hoãng, hoành, giang

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.