メス

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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From Dutch mes (knife).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

メス (rōmaji mesu)

  1. (medicine) scalpel, lancet, medical knife
Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

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From French Metz, the name of a city in the Lorraine region of northeast France.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

メス (rōmaji Mesu)

  1. the city of Metz, France
Synonyms[edit]
  • メッツ (Mettsu) (from the German pronunciation)

Etymology 3[edit]

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The katakana rendering of (mesu, female, for non-human contexts).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

メス (rōmaji mesu)

  1. (biology, non-human) female
    • 1984 February 20 [Jun 15 1983], Murakami, Motoka, “になるしんにんせんせいまき [A Little Worried about the New Teacher]”, in けん [Musashi’s Sword], volume 10 (fiction), 4th edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 147:
      先生 (せんせい) いたべ⁉
      Sensei itabe⁉
      Are they in there, Sensei⁉
      おう!いたぞ。まっ (しろ)メス (いぬ)がお (さん)のまっさいちゃうだ。2~3 (びき)うまれてるが、まだあと3 (びき)ぐらいはうまれるな。
      Ō! Ita zo. Masshiroi mesuinu ga o-san no massaichū da. Ni~sanbiki umareteru ga, mada ato sanbikigurai wa umareru na.
      Yeah! There’s a white dog giving birth in there. 2 or 3 pups have come out but there’s probably 3 more to come.
       (しろ)メス (いぬ)⁉ひょっとすると…⁉ほら () () () (まえ) () (いち)さよく (しろ)いノラ (いぬ)といっしょにあそんでいたでしょう。
      Shiroi mesuinu⁉ Hyotto suru to…⁉ Hora Musashi, mae ni Toichi sa yoku shiroi norainu to issho ni asonde ita deshō.
      A white dog⁉ Could it be…⁉ Hey Musashi, you remember Toichi used to go stay with a white stray dog a while back?
      うん‼
      Un‼
      Yeah‼
      きっと () (いち) ()よ‼ () (いち)とあの (しろ) (いぬ)との (あか)ちゃんよ!
      Kitto Toichi no ko yo‼ Toichi to ano shiroi inu to no aka-chan yo!
      These must be Toichi’s puppies‼ They’re Toichi and that white dog’s babies!
Usage notes[edit]

The term mesu refers to female with regard to non-human organisms.

The katakana spelling is more common in biology contexts. Of the kanji spellings, appears to be somewhat more common.

Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN