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Old Persian[edit]


Generally assumed to be a loanword from Median (only found as a title? of persons that are also identified as Mede). Cognate of Avestan [script needed] ‎(moġu-) but probably not of Avestan [script needed] ‎(maga-) (cognate with Sanskrit मघ ‎(magha-, gift)). Crucially, Middle Persian [script needed] ‎(moabad) does not descend from Old Persian/Median magu-.

Proper noun[edit]

𐎶𐎦𐎢𐏁 ‎(Maguš)

  1. unknown meaning; hapax legomena known only from the Behistun inscription where it is used as a title (?) of persons. Sometimes said to be the term for a Zoroastrian priest, or for a magician, or for a sub-tribe of the Medes; these interpretations are formed by Greek Μάγος and μάγος.


Taking Old Persian as representative for all Old Iranian: