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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic 

醫 is both a phono-semantic compound character (形聲), and a compound indicative (會意). As a phono-semantic compound character (形聲), it contains two parts: (pinyin: yī) and (pinyin: yǒu). is the sound component, whereas (referring to the alcohol used during a medical procedure) helps to convey the meaning of the word. It also works as a compound indicative (會意), because literally means to groan (original meaning: the sound of being struck by an arrow)[1]. is composed of two parts: (which provides the sound) and (a weapon, the meaning component).[2] Finally, Shuowen Jiezi defines as (literally: a device for holding the arrows of bows and/or crossbows).

Han character[edit]

(radical 164 +11, 18 strokes, cangjie input 尸水一金田 (SEMCW), four-corner 77601, composition)

  1. cure, heal
  2. doctor, medical

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1287, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40006
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1787, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3595, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+91AB
  • Notes:
  1. ^ on-line dictionary etymology of 醫
  2. ^ 漢語大字典 hànyǔ dà zìdiǎn, ISBN 9578134789

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɨ/ /ʔi/ /ʔiə/ /ʔɨ/ /ʔɨ/ /ĭə/ /ʔie/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15058 0 /*qɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. medicinal; medicine
  2. doctor
  3. to cure, to treat

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ui) (hangeul , revised ui, McCune-Reischauer ŭi, Yale uy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(y)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]