dún

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: dun, dùn, dūn, dün, dǔn, d'un, duń., and dūŋ

Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

dún

  1. indefinite accusative singular of dúnn

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish dún, from Proto-Celtic *dūnom (stronghold).

Noun[edit]

dún m (genitive singular dúin or dúna, nominative plural dúnta or dúna)

  1. fort; fortress
  2. place of refuge, haven
  3. (secure) residence, house
  4. promontory fort; bluff
Declension[edit]
Alternative declension
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish dúnaid, dúinid (shuts, closes; blocks, obstructs; joins, clasps; closes, ends).

Verb[edit]

dún (present analytic dúnann, future analytic dúnfaidh, verbal noun dúnadh, past participle dúnta)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) close, shut
  2. (transitive, intransitive) draw together; secure, fasten
Conjugation[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
dún dhún ndún
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

External links[edit]

  • "dún" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • dún” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • dúnaid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *dūnom (stronghold).

Noun[edit]

dún n (genitive dúin or dúine, nominative plural dúine)

  1. fort
  2. fortress
Inflection[edit]
Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative dúnN dúnN dúnL, dúna
Vocative dúnN dúnN dúnL, dúna
Accusative dúnN dúnN dúnL, dúna
Genitive dúinL dún dúnN
Dative dúnL dúnaib dúnaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From do + sinn.

Pronoun[edit]

dún

  1. Alternative spelling of dúnn

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
dún dún
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndún
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

External links[edit]

  • dún” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

West Frisian[edit]

Noun[edit]

dún c

  1. dune