dún

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Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

dún

  1. indefinite accusative singular of dúnn

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish dún, from Proto-Celtic *dūnom (stronghold).

Noun[edit]

dún m (genitive singular dúin or dúna, nominative plural dúnta or dúna)

  1. fort; fortress
  2. place of refuge, haven
  3. (secure) residence, house
  4. promontory fort; bluff
Declension[edit]
Alternative declension
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish dúnaid, dúinid (shuts, closes; blocks, obstructs; joins, clasps; closes, ends).

Verb[edit]

dún (present analytic dúnann, future analytic dúnfaidh, verbal noun dúnadh, past participle dúnta)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) close, shut
  2. (transitive, intransitive) draw together; secure, fasten
Conjugation[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
dún dhún ndún
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *dūnom (stronghold).

Noun[edit]

dún n (genitive dúin or dúine, nominative plural dúna or dúine)

  1. fort
  2. fortress
Inflection[edit]
Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative dúnN dúnN dúnL, dúna
Vocative dúnN dúnN dúnL, dúna
Accusative dúnN dúnN dúnL, dúna
Genitive dúinL dún dúnN
Dative dúnL dúnaib dúnaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Neuter s-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative dúnN dúnN dúineL
Vocative dúnN dúnN dúineL
Accusative dúnN dúnN dúineL
Genitive dúineL dúine dúineN
Dative dúinL dúinib dúinib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Descendants[edit]
  • Irish: dún
  • Manx: doon
  • Scottish Gaelic: dùn

Etymology 2[edit]

From do + sinn.

Pronoun[edit]

dún

  1. Alternative spelling of dúnn

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
dún dún
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndún
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


West Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

dún c (plural dunen, diminutive dúntsje)

  1. dune

Further reading[edit]

  • dún (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011