druid

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See also: Druid

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From French druide, from Old French, via Latin, from Gaulish. The earliest record of the term is reported in Greek as Δρυΐδαι ‎(Druḯdai) (plural), cited in Diogenes Laertius in the 3rd century CE. The native Celtic word for "druid" is first attested in Latin texts as druides (plural) and other texts also employ the form druidae (akin to the Greek form). It is understood that the Latin form is a borrowing from Gaulish. The word is cognate with the later insular Celtic words, Old Irish druí ‎(druid, sorcerer) and early Welsh dryw ‎(seer). The proto-Celtic word may be *druwits (literally, "oak-knower"), from Proto-Indo-European *dóru ‎(tree) and *weyd- ‎(to see).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

druid ‎(plural druids)

  1. One of an order of priests among certain groups of Celts before the adoption of Abrahamic religions.
    • 2004, Fitch, E. J. Right Action and the environment: a common environmental catechism, fundamentalism, and political extremism. Interdisciplinary Environmental Review, 6(2), 132-139.
      Druidic faiths to the loose coupling one found in the Roman rites. The ascendance to dominance, at least in terms of number of adherents, of the three monotheistic Abrahamic faiths marked a decline []

Usage notes[edit]

  • Often capitalized: Druid.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish truit, from Proto-Celtic *trozdi-, from Proto-Indo-European *trozdo- ‎(thrush); compare Latin turdus, German Drossel, and English thrush.

Noun[edit]

druid f ‎(genitive singular druide, nominative plural druideanna)

  1. starling
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish druitid, possibly related to Welsh drws ‎(door).

Verb[edit]

druid ‎(present analytic druideann, future analytic druidfidh, verbal noun druidim, past participle druidte)

  1. to move relative to something
  2. (Ulster) to close
Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
druid dhruid ndruid
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Noun[edit]

druid f ‎(genitive singular druide, plural druidean)

  1. starling