druid

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See also: Druid

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French druide, from Old French [Term?], via Latin Druidae, from Gaulish [Term?]. The earliest record of the term in Latin is in Julius Caesar in the first century B.C. in his De Bello Gallico. The native Celtic word for "druid" is first attested in Latin texts as druides (plural) and other texts also employ the form druidae (akin to the Greek form). It is understood that the Latin form is a borrowing from Gaulish [Term?]. The word is cognate with the later insular Celtic words, Old Irish druí (druid, sorcerer) and early Welsh dryw (seer). The proto-Celtic word may be *druwits (literally oak-knower), from Proto-Indo-European *dóru (tree) and *weyd- (to see).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

druid (plural druids)

  1. One of an order of priests among certain groups of Celts before the adoption of Abrahamic religions.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Often capitalized: Druid.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish truit f (starling), from Proto-Celtic *trozdi-, from Proto-Indo-European *trozdo- (thrush); compare Latin turdus, German Drossel, and English thrush.

Noun[edit]

druid f (genitive singular druide, nominative plural druideanna)

  1. starling
Declension[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish druitid (shuts, closes; moves close (to), presses (against); approaches; moves away from, abandons), possibly related to Welsh drws (door).

Verb[edit]

druid (present analytic druideann, future analytic druidfidh, verbal noun druidim, past participle druidte)

  1. (Ulster) close, shut
  2. move relative to something
    1. (with le) move close to, draw near, approach
    2. (with ar) close upon
    3. (with ó) move away from
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

druid m

  1. genitive singular of drud

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
druid dhruid ndruid
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "druid" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • truit” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • druitid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish truit f (starling), from Proto-Celtic *trozdi-, from Proto-Indo-European *trozdo- (thrush).

Noun[edit]

druid f (genitive singular druide, plural druidean)

  1. starling

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish druitid (shuts, closes; moves close (to), presses (against); approaches; moves away from, abandons), possibly related to Welsh drws (door).

Verb[edit]

druid (past dhruid, future druididh, verbal noun druideadh, past participle druidte)

  1. shut closely
  2. cover
  3. enclose, surround
  4. advance, come up
  5. join
  6. hasten
  7. step toward
  8. approach, draw near
Alternative forms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • truit” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • druitid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.