海王星

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Chinese[edit]

ocean; sea king; Wang (proper name) star; satellite; small amount
simp. and trad.
(海王星)
Wikipedia has articles on:
海王星 (Written Standard Chinese?)
海王星 (Cantonese)

Pronunciation[edit]


Proper noun[edit]

海王星

  1. Neptune (eighth planet of the solar system)

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
海王星
Kanji in this term
かい
Grade: 2
おう
Grade: 1
せい
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

Appears to be borrowed from Chinese 海王星, applying the expected Japanese on'yomi for the characters.

The planet itself was discovered in 1846 by astronomers in Europe, so prior to that point, the planet had no name in any language. Following the convention at the time, it was ultimately named for the Roman god, Neptune. After this, the term was probably first borrowed into Chinese as a calque and then borrowed into Japanese from there. Although the god Neptune was known in both China and Japan at this point due to cultural contact, the god's name (or, rather, role) was more often rendered as 海神 (literally, “sea + god”) in both Chinese and Japanese. It is unclear where the 海王 (literally, “sea + king”) appellation arose. The on the end refers to stars or planets.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

海王星 (hiragana かいおうせい, rōmaji Kaiōsei, historical hiragana かいわうせい)

  1. Neptune (eighth planet of the solar system)
    • 2009 March 30, Takeuchi, Naoko, “Actアクト 29トゥエンティナイン げんスリー 2人ふたり NEWニュー SOLDIERSソルジャーズ [Act 29: Infinity 3: 2 NEW SOLDIERS]”, in 美少女戦士Pretty GuardianセーラームーンSAILORMOON [Pretty Guardian SAILOR MOON], volume 6 (fiction, in Japanese), 6th edition, Tokyo: Kodansha, ISBN 4-06-334835-0, page 181–182:
      —— (うみ) (ほし) (かい) (おう) (せい) (しゅ) ()にもつ (しん) (かい) (せん) ()——セーラーネプチューン
      ——Umi no Hoshi Kaiōsei o shugo ni motsu shinkai no senshi ——Sērā Nepuchūn
      ——Warrior of the depths, keeper of Neptune the Sea Planet ——Sailor Neptune

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

海王星 (Haewangseong, McCune-Reischauer: Haewangsŏng, Yale: Hāywangseng) (hangeul 해왕성)

  1. Hanja form? of 해왕성, “Neptune”.