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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡans): semantic  ‎(person) + phonetic  ‎(OC *kans)

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(person) +  ‎(erect)

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 人弓大手 (ONKQ), four-corner 25240, composition)

  1. strong, robust, healthy
  2. strength

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 111, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 875
  • Dae Jaweon: page 237, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 184, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+5065

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕian⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕian⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕian⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕiã²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕian³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiã⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕiã²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕian¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕian²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕiɛn³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕian¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕian²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiɛ̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡ɕien⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕiĩ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕie⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕie̞³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕie⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Suzhou /d͡ʑiɪ³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑiẽ̞¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡ʑi²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰie²²/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiɛ⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕiẽ⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕiẽ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɛn²¹/
Hakka Meixian /kʰian⁵³/
Taoyuan /kʰien⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kin²²/
Nanning /kin²²/
Hong Kong /kin²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kian²²/
/kiã²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kyɔŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kyiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kiaŋ³⁵/
/kiã³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kin³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (65)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨɐnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiɐnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiɐnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gɨanH/
Li
Rong
/ɡiɐnH/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭɐnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gɨ̯ɐnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiàn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6224
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡans/

Adjective[edit]

  1. strong, vigourous
  2. healthy
      ―  jiànkāng  ―  health; healthy; sound

Adverb[edit]

  1. adeptly, energetically

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. strong, robust, healthy
  2. strength

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana けん, romaji Ken)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana たけし, romaji Takeshi)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(geon, gyeon) (hangeul , , revised geon, gyeon, McCune-Reischauer kŏn, kyŏn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kiện, kẹn, lương)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.