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U+5065, 健
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5065

[U+5064]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5066]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
10 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 人弓大手 (ONKQ), four-corner 25240, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 111, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 875
  • Dae Jaweon: page 237, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 184, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+5065

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡran, *kan
*ɡran, *kan
*ɡran, *ɡranʔ, *ɡanʔ
*ɡran, *kanʔ
*kan
*kan, *ɡans
*kanʔ
*kans
*kans
*ɡanʔ
*ɡans

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡans): semantic  (person) + phonetic  (OC *kans).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • giâng - vernacular;
  • giông - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • kiāⁿ - vernacular;
    • kiān - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕian⁵¹/
    Harbin /t͡ɕian⁵³/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕian⁵³/
    Jinan /t͡ɕiã²¹/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕiã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕian³¹²/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕiã⁴⁴/
    Xining /t͡ɕiã²¹³/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕian¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɛ̃n¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕian²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕiɛn³⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕian¹³/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕian²¹³/
    Kunming /t͡ɕʰiɛ̃⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕien⁴⁴/
    Hefei /t͡ɕiĩ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕie⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕie̞³⁵/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕie⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕi³⁵/
    Suzhou /d͡ʑiɪ³¹/
    Hangzhou /d͡ʑiẽ̞¹³/
    Wenzhou /d͡ʑi²²/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰie²²/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕiɛ⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕiẽ⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕiẽ⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɛn²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰian⁵³/
    Taoyuan /kʰien⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kin²²/
    Nanning /kin²²/
    Hong Kong /kin²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kian²²/
    /kiã²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kyɔŋ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kyiŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kiaŋ³⁵/
    /kiã³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kin³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (30)
    Final () (65)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɡɨɐnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɡiɐnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɡiɐnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /gɨanH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɡiɐnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɡĭɐnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /gɨ̯ɐnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiàn
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6224
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡans/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. strong; robust; vigorous
    2. healthy; in good health
        ―  jiànkāng  ―  health; healthy; sound
    3. adeptly; energetically
    4. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. strong, robust, healthy
    2. strength

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana けん, rōmaji Ken)

    1. A male given name

    (hiragana たけし, rōmaji Takeshi)

    1. A male given name

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (geon, gyeon) (hangeul , , revised geon, gyeon, McCune-Reischauer kŏn, kyŏn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (kiện, kẹn, lương)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.