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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡran, *ɡranʔ, *ɡanʔ): semantic  ‎(metal) + phonetic  ‎(OC *kans) – a metal key.

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +9, 17 strokes, cangjie input 金弓大手 (CNKQ), four-corner 85140, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1315, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40654
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1815, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4225, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+9375

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (30)
Final: (79)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: qián
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɡɣiᴇn/ /ɡɯiɛn/ /ɡiæn/ /gian/ /ɡjɛn/ /ɡĭɛn/ /gi̯ɛn/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (30)
Final: (65)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jiàn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɡɨɐnX/ /ɡiɐnX/ /ɡiɐnX/ /gɨanX/ /ɡiɐnX/ /ɡĭɐnX/ /gɨ̯ɐnX/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (30)
Final: (79)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jiàn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɡɣiᴇnX/ /ɡɯiɛnX/ /ɡiænX/ /gianX/ /ɡjɛnX/ /ɡĭɛnX/ /gi̯ɛnX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6211 1 /*ɡran/
6213 1 /*ɡranʔ/
6222 1 /*ɡanʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. door bolt, lock bolt
  2. key (in electronic devices)
  3. to type

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かぎ, romaji kagi)

  1. a tool for opening or locking something; a key
  2. an important fact for solving something; a key; a clue

‎(hiragana けん, romaji ken)

  1. (music) a key

See also[edit]

  • (じょう, jō)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(geon) (hangeul , revised geon, McCune-Reischauer kŏn, Yale ken)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kiện)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.