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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡran, *ɡranʔ, *ɡanʔ): semantic  ‎(metal) + phonetic  ‎(OC *kans) – a metal key.

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +9, 17 strokes, cangjie input 金弓大手 (CNKQ), four-corner 85140, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1315, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40654
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1815, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4225, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+9375

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (30) (30) (30)
Final () (79) (65) (79)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () Chongniu III III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiᴇn/ /ɡɨɐnX/ /ɡˠiᴇnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡᵚiɛn/ /ɡiɐnX/ /ɡᵚiɛnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiæn/ /ɡiɐnX/ /ɡiænX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gian/ /gɨanX/ /gianX/
Li
Rong
/ɡjɛn/ /ɡiɐnX/ /ɡjɛnX/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭɛn/ /ɡĭɐnX/ /ɡĭɛnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ɛn/ /gɨ̯ɐnX/ /gi̯ɛnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qián jiàn jiàn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 6211 6213 6222
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡran/ /*ɡranʔ/ /*ɡanʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. door bolt, lock bolt
  2. key (in electronic devices)
  3. to type

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かぎ, romaji kagi)

  1. a tool for opening or locking something; a key
  2. an important fact for solving something; a key; a clue

‎(hiragana けん, romaji ken)

  1. (music) a key

See also[edit]

  • (じょう, jō)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(geon) (hangeul , revised geon, McCune-Reischauer kŏn, Yale ken)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kiện)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.