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U+517C, 兼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-517C

[U+517B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+517D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 12 +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 廿X金 (TXC), four-corner 80237)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 128, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1483
  • Dae Jaweon: page 288, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 249, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+517C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
兼-bronze.svg 兼-bigseal.svg 兼-seal.svg




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
r'eːms
r'eːms
kreːm
kreːmʔ
kʰreːms, *kʰreːmʔ, *kʰeːmʔ, *kʰeːms
kʰreːmʔ
ɡreːm, *keːm
ɡreːm, *ɡ·reːm, *ɡ·reːmʔ, *ɡ·reːms, *ɡeːm
ɡreːmʔ, *ɡreːms
ɡreːmʔ, *ɡraːm
ɡ·rem
ɡ·rem
ɡ·rem, *ɡ·reːm
ɡ·rem
ɡ·rem
ɡ·rem, *ɡ·reːm
ɡ·rem
ɡ·remʔ
ɡ·remʔ, *ɡ·reːm, *ɡ·reːmʔ
kʰremʔ
ŋɡremʔ
ɡ·reːm
ɡ·reːm
ɡ·reːm
keːm, *keːms
keːm
keːm
keːm
keːm
kʰeːm
kʰeːmʔ
kʰeːmʔ
kʰeːmʔ, *kʰeːb
kʰeːms
qʰeːm
ɡeːm
ɡeːmʔ
kreːm

Ideogrammic compound (會意): Hand (as in ) holding two grain stalks .

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (28)
Final () (157) (157)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kem/ /kemH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kem/ /kemH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɛm/ /kɛmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɛm/ /kɛmH/
Li
Rong
/kem/ /kemH/
Wang
Li
/kiem/ /kiemH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kiem/ /kiemH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiān jiàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kem ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤem/
English combine; at the same time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6063 6069
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*keːm/ /*keːms/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to do two or more things simultaneously; to hold two or more posts at the same time
  2. double

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

-- (-けん-, -ken-)

  1. -cum-, concurrently, in addition
    • 書斎応接間
      しょさいけんおうせつま
      shosai ken ōsetsuma
      study-cum-drawing room

    • 首相外相
      しゅしょうけんがいしょう
      shushō ken gaishō
      someone who holds the offices of both Prime Minister and Foreign Minister

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana けん, rōmaji Ken)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyeom) (hangeul , revised kyeom, McCune-Reischauer kyŏm, Yale kyeom)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kiêm, kem, kèm, cồm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.