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U+81CA, 臊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81CA

[U+81C9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81CB]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 月口口木 (BRRD), four-corner 76294, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 996, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29955
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1447, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2116, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+81CA

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
臊-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
ʔsaːwʔ
ʔslaːwʔ
ʔsaːwʔ
ʔsaːwʔ, *saːw, *sʰaw
ʔsaːws
ʔsaːws
sʰaːw, *sʰaːws
sʰaːw, *sʰaw
sʰaːwʔ
sʰaːws
zaːw, *sʰaw
saːw, *saːws
saːw
saːwʔ, *saːws
saːws
saːws
saːws
saːws
ʔsawʔ, *ʔseːwʔ
soːwʔ, *srow

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sāo - literary (foul-smelling, smell of urine);
  • sào - vernacular (bashful, to humiliate).
Note:
  • so/so͘ - literary;
  • chho - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɑu/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɑu/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/saw/
Li
Rong
/sɑu/
Wang
Li
/sɑu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɑu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sāo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
sāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ saw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[m.s]ˤaw/
English fat of swine or dog

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 16577 16586
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*saːw/ /*saːws/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. foul-smelling; rancid
  2. stench
  3. bashful; embarrass; humiliate

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.