Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+81CA, 臊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81CA

[U+81C9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81CB]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 月口口木 (BRRD), four-corner 76294, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 996, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29955
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1447, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2116, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+81CA

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
臊-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsaːwʔ
*ʔslaːwʔ
*ʔsaːwʔ
*ʔsaːwʔ, *saːw, *sʰaw
*ʔsaːws
*ʔsaːws
*sʰaːw, *sʰaːws
*sʰaːw, *sʰaw
*sʰaːwʔ
*sʰaːws
*zaːw, *sʰaw
*saːw, *saːws
*saːw
*saːwʔ, *saːws
*saːws
*saːws
*saːws
*saːws
*ʔsawʔ, *ʔseːwʔ
*soːwʔ, *srow

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sāo - literary (foul-smelling, smell of urine);
  • sào - vernacular (bashful, to humiliate).
  • Cantonese
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • so/so͘ - literary;
    • chho - vernacular.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (89)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /sɑu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /sɑu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sɑu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /saw/
    Li
    Rong
    /sɑu/
    Wang
    Li
    /sɑu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /sɑu/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    sāo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    sāo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ saw ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[m.s]ˁaw/
    English fat of swine or dog

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 16577 16586
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*saːw/ /*saːws/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. foul-smelling; rancid
    2. stench
    3. bashful; embarrass; humiliate

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): そう (sō)
    • Kun: あぶら (abura)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune–Reischauer cho, Yale co)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.