誕生日

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Japanese[edit]

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Kanji in this term
たん
Grade: 6
しょう > じょう
Grade: 1
ひ > び
Grade: 1
kan’on goon kun’yomi

Etymology 1[edit]

Compound of 誕生 (tanjō, birth) +‎ (hi, day).

The hi reading for changes to bi as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

誕生日 (hiragana たんじょうび, rōmaji tanjōbi, historical hiragana たんじやうび)

  1. a birthday
    Synonyms: 誕辰 (tanshin), バースデー (bāsudē)
    Antonyms: 忌日 (kinichi), 命日 (meinichi)
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
たん
Grade: 6
しょう > じょう
Grade: 1
にち
Grade: 1
kan’on goon

From 誕生 (tanjō, birth) +‎ (-nichi, counter for day of a month).

Noun[edit]

誕生日 (hiragana たんじょうにち, rōmaji tanjōnichi, historical hiragana たんじやうにち)

  1. (rare) a birthday

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN