naba

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See also: Nàbà and naɓa

Basque[edit]

Noun[edit]

naba inan

  1. valley

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *napa, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃nebʰ- (navel) either through Germanic or Baltic.

Noun[edit]

naba (genitive naba, partitive naba)

  1. navel

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Lala (South Africa)[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Zulu intaba, Swazi intsaba.

Noun[edit]

naba

  1. mountain

Livonian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Akin to Finnish napa.

Noun[edit]

naba

  1. navel

Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *nabu

Noun[edit]

naba f

  1. nave
  2. hub

Descendants[edit]

  • German: Nabe

Phuthi[edit]

Verb[edit]

-naba

  1. to stretch out straight

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin nāpa. See nabo (turnip).

Noun[edit]

naba f (plural nabas)

  1. (botanical) rape, swede, rutabaga

Related terms[edit]


Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.) Related to Finnish napa.

Noun[edit]

naba

  1. navel, belly button
  2. pole (of earth, a magnet, etc.)

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of naba
nominative sing. naba
genitive sing. naban
partitive sing. nabad
partitive plur. naboid
singular plural
nominative naba nabad
accusative naban nabad
genitive naban naboiden
partitive nabad naboid
essive-instructive naban naboin
translative nabaks naboikš
inessive nabas naboiš
elative nabaspäi naboišpäi
illative ? naboihe
adessive nabal naboil
ablative nabalpäi naboilpäi
allative nabale naboile
abessive nabata naboita
comitative nabanke naboidenke
prolative nabadme naboidme
approximative I nabanno naboidenno
approximative II nabannoks naboidennoks
egressive nabannopäi naboidennopäi
terminative I ? naboihesai
terminative II nabalesai naboilesai
terminative III nabassai
additive I ? naboihepäi
additive II nabalepäi naboilepäi

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007) , “полюс, пуп”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

-naba?

  1. (transitive) to stretch out

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Clipping of enaba.

Verb[edit]

-naba

  1. Alternative form of enaba

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukunaba
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukunaba ukunganabi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular naba -nabe
Plural nabani -nabeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyanaba, nginaba enginabayo, enginaba nginaba anginabi enginganabi nginganabi
2nd singular uyanaba, unaba onabayo, onaba unaba awunabi onganabi unganabi
1st plural siyanaba, sinaba esinabayo, esinaba sinaba asinabi esinganabi singanabi
2nd plural niyanaba, ninaba eninabayo, eninaba ninaba aninabi eninganabi ninganabi
Class 1 uyanaba, unaba onabayo, onaba enaba akanabi onganabi enganabi
Class 2 bayanaba, banaba abanabayo, abanaba benaba abanabi abanganabi benganabi
Class 3 uyanaba, unaba onabayo, onaba unaba awunabi onganabi unganabi
Class 4 iyanaba, inaba enabayo, enaba inaba ayinabi enganabi inganabi
Class 5 liyanaba, linaba elinabayo, elinaba linaba alinabi elinganabi linganabi
Class 6 ayanaba, anaba anabayo, anaba enaba awanabi anganabi enganabi
Class 7 siyanaba, sinaba esinabayo, esinaba sinaba asinabi esinganabi singanabi
Class 8 ziyanaba, zinaba ezinabayo, ezinaba zinaba azinabi ezinganabi zinganabi
Class 9 iyanaba, inaba enabayo, enaba inaba ayinabi enganabi inganabi
Class 10 ziyanaba, zinaba ezinabayo, ezinaba zinaba azinabi ezinganabi zinganabi
Class 11 luyanaba, lunaba olunabayo, olunaba lunaba alunabi olunganabi lunganabi
Class 14 buyanaba, bunaba obunabayo, obunaba bunaba abunabi obunganabi bunganabi
Class 15 kuyanaba, kunaba okunabayo, okunaba kunaba akunabi okunganabi kunganabi
Class 17 kuyanaba, kunaba okunabayo, okunaba kunaba akunabi okunganabi kunganabi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular nginabile, nginabē enginabile, enginabē nginabile, nginabē anginabanga enginganabanga nginganabanga
2nd singular unabile, unabē onabile, onabē unabile, unabē awunabanga onganabanga unganabanga
1st plural sinabile, sinabē esinabile, esinabē sinabile, sinabē asinabanga esinganabanga singanabanga
2nd plural ninabile, ninabē eninabile, eninabē ninabile, ninabē aninabanga eninganabanga ninganabanga
Class 1 unabile, unabē onabile, onabē enabile, enabē akanabanga onganabanga enganabanga
Class 2 banabile, banabē abanabile, abanabē benabile, benabē abanabanga abanganabanga benganabanga
Class 3 unabile, unabē onabile, onabē unabile, unabē awunabanga onganabanga unganabanga
Class 4 inabile, inabē enabile, enabē inabile, inabē ayinabanga enganabanga inganabanga
Class 5 linabile, linabē elinabile, elinabē linabile, linabē alinabanga elinganabanga linganabanga
Class 6 anabile, anabē anabile, anabē enabile, enabē awanabanga anganabanga enganabanga
Class 7 sinabile, sinabē esinabile, esinabē sinabile, sinabē asinabanga esinganabanga singanabanga
Class 8 zinabile, zinabē ezinabile, ezinabē zinabile, zinabē azinabanga ezinganabanga zinganabanga
Class 9 inabile, inabē enabile, enabē inabile, inabē ayinabanga enganabanga inganabanga
Class 10 zinabile, zinabē ezinabile, ezinabē zinabile, zinabē azinabanga ezinganabanga zinganabanga
Class 11 lunabile, lunabē olunabile, olunabē lunabile, lunabē alunabanga olunganabanga lunganabanga
Class 14 bunabile, bunabē obunabile, obunabē bunabile, bunabē abunabanga obunganabanga bunganabanga
Class 15 kunabile, kunabē okunabile, okunabē kunabile, kunabē akunabanga okunganabanga kunganabanga
Class 17 kunabile, kunabē okunabile, okunabē kunabile, kunabē akunabanga okunganabanga kunganabanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngānaba engānaba ngānaba anginabanga enginganabanga nginganabanga
2nd singular wānaba owānaba wānaba awunabanga onganabanga unganabanga
1st plural sānaba esānaba sānaba asinabanga esinganabanga singanabanga
2nd plural nānaba enānaba nānaba aninabanga eninganabanga ninganabanga
Class 1 wānaba owānaba ānaba akanabanga onganabanga enganabanga
Class 2 bānaba abānaba bānaba abanabanga abanganabanga benganabanga
Class 3 wānaba owānaba wānaba awunabanga onganabanga unganabanga
Class 4 yānaba eyānaba yānaba ayinabanga enganabanga inganabanga
Class 5 lānaba elānaba lānaba alinabanga elinganabanga linganabanga
Class 6 ānaba ānaba ānaba awanabanga anganabanga enganabanga
Class 7 sānaba esānaba sānaba asinabanga esinganabanga singanabanga
Class 8 zānaba ezānaba zānaba azinabanga ezinganabanga zinganabanga
Class 9 yānaba eyānaba yānaba ayinabanga enganabanga inganabanga
Class 10 zānaba ezānaba zānaba azinabanga ezinganabanga zinganabanga
Class 11 lwānaba olwānaba lwānaba alunabanga olunganabanga lunganabanga
Class 14 bānaba obānaba bānaba abunabanga obunganabanga bunganabanga
Class 15 kwānaba okwānaba kwānaba akunabanga okunganabanga kunganabanga
Class 17 kwānaba okwānaba kwānaba akunabanga okunganabanga kunganabanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular nginganaba nginganaba ngingenabe ngingenabe
2nd singular unganaba unganaba ungenabe ungenabe
1st plural singanaba singanaba singenabe singenabe
2nd plural ninganaba ninganaba ningenabe ningenabe
Class 1 anganaba enganaba angenabe engenabe
Class 2 banganaba benganaba bangenabe bengenabe
Class 3 unganaba unganaba ungenabe ungenabe
Class 4 inganaba inganaba ingenabe ingenabe
Class 5 linganaba linganaba lingenabe lingenabe
Class 6 anganaba enganaba angenabe engenabe
Class 7 singanaba singanaba singenabe singenabe
Class 8 zinganaba zinganaba zingenabe zingenabe
Class 9 inganaba inganaba ingenabe ingenabe
Class 10 zinganaba zinganaba zingenabe zingenabe
Class 11 lunganaba lunganaba lungenabe lungenabe
Class 14 bunganaba bunganaba bungenabe bungenabe
Class 15 kunganaba kunganaba kungenabe kungenabe
Class 17 kunganaba kunganaba kungenabe kungenabe
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizonaba engizonaba ngizonaba angizunaba engingezunaba ngingezunaba
2nd singular uzonaba ozonaba uzonaba awuzunaba ongezunaba ungezunaba
1st plural sizonaba esizonaba sizonaba asizunaba esingezunaba singezunaba
2nd plural nizonaba enizonaba nizonaba anizunaba eningezunaba ningezunaba
Class 1 uzonaba ozonaba ezonaba akazunaba ongezunaba engezunaba
Class 2 bazonaba abazonaba bezonaba abazunaba abangezunaba bengezunaba
Class 3 uzonaba ozonaba uzonaba awuzunaba ongezunaba ungezunaba
Class 4 izonaba ezonaba izonaba ayizunaba engezunaba ingezunaba
Class 5 lizonaba elizonaba lizonaba alizunaba elingezunaba lingezunaba
Class 6 azonaba azonaba ezonaba awazunaba angezunaba engezunaba
Class 7 sizonaba esizonaba sizonaba asizunaba esingezunaba singezunaba
Class 8 zizonaba ezizonaba zizonaba azizunaba ezingezunaba zingezunaba
Class 9 izonaba ezonaba izonaba ayizunaba engezunaba ingezunaba
Class 10 zizonaba ezizonaba zizonaba azizunaba ezingezunaba zingezunaba
Class 11 luzonaba oluzonaba luzonaba aluzunaba olungezunaba lungezunaba
Class 14 buzonaba obuzonaba buzonaba abuzunaba obungezunaba bungezunaba
Class 15 kuzonaba okuzonaba kuzonaba akuzunaba okungezunaba kungezunaba
Class 17 kuzonaba okuzonaba kuzonaba akuzunaba okungezunaba kungezunaba
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyonaba engiyonaba ngiyonaba angiyunaba engingeyunaba ngingeyunaba
2nd singular uyonaba oyonaba uyonaba awuyunaba ongeyunaba ungeyunaba
1st plural siyonaba esiyonaba siyonaba asiyunaba esingeyunaba singeyunaba
2nd plural niyonaba eniyonaba niyonaba aniyunaba eningeyunaba ningeyunaba
Class 1 uyonaba oyonaba eyonaba akayunaba ongeyunaba engeyunaba
Class 2 bayonaba abayonaba beyonaba abayunaba abangeyunaba bengeyunaba
Class 3 uyonaba oyonaba uyonaba awuyunaba ongeyunaba ungeyunaba
Class 4 iyonaba eyonaba iyonaba ayiyunaba engeyunaba ingeyunaba
Class 5 liyonaba eliyonaba liyonaba aliyunaba elingeyunaba lingeyunaba
Class 6 ayonaba ayonaba eyonaba awayunaba angeyunaba engeyunaba
Class 7 siyonaba esiyonaba siyonaba asiyunaba esingeyunaba singeyunaba
Class 8 ziyonaba eziyonaba ziyonaba aziyunaba ezingeyunaba zingeyunaba
Class 9 iyonaba eyonaba iyonaba ayiyunaba engeyunaba ingeyunaba
Class 10 ziyonaba eziyonaba ziyonaba aziyunaba ezingeyunaba zingeyunaba
Class 11 luyonaba oluyonaba luyonaba aluyunaba olungeyunaba lungeyunaba
Class 14 buyonaba obuyonaba buyonaba abuyunaba obungeyunaba bungeyunaba
Class 15 kuyonaba okuyonaba kuyonaba akuyunaba okungeyunaba kungeyunaba
Class 17 kuyonaba okuyonaba kuyonaba akuyunaba okungeyunaba kungeyunaba
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular nginabe nginganabi
2nd singular unabe unganabi
1st plural sinabe singanabi
2nd plural ninabe ninganabi
Class 1 anabe anganabi
Class 2 banabe banganabi
Class 3 unabe unganabi
Class 4 inabe inganabi
Class 5 linabe linganabi
Class 6 anabe anganabi
Class 7 sinabe singanabi
Class 8 zinabe zinganabi
Class 9 inabe inganabi
Class 10 zinabe zinganabi
Class 11 lunabe lunganabi
Class 14 bunabe bunganabi
Class 15 kunabe kunganabi
Class 17 kunabe kunganabi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular nganaba nganganaba, anganaba, anganganaba
2nd singular wanaba wanganaba, awanaba, awanganaba
1st plural sanaba sanganaba, asanaba, asanganaba
2nd plural nanaba nanganaba, ananaba, ananganaba
Class 1 wanaba wanganaba, akanaba, akanganaba
Class 2 banaba banganaba, abanaba, abanganaba
Class 3 wanaba wanganaba, awanaba, awanganaba
Class 4 yanaba yanganaba, ayanaba, ayanganaba
Class 5 lanaba langanaba, alanaba, alanganaba
Class 6 anaba anganaba, awanaba, awanganaba
Class 7 sanaba sanganaba, asanaba, asanganaba
Class 8 zanaba zanganaba, azanaba, azanganaba
Class 9 yanaba yanganaba, ayanaba, ayanganaba
Class 10 zanaba zanganaba, azanaba, azanganaba
Class 11 lwanaba lwanganaba, alwanaba, alwanganaba
Class 14 banaba banganaba, abanaba, abanganaba
Class 15 kwanaba kwanganaba, akwanaba, akwanganaba
Class 17 kwanaba kwanganaba, akwanaba, akwanganaba

References[edit]

C. M. Doke; B. W. Vilakazi (1972) , “6.3”, in Zulu-English Dictionary, →ISBN: “6.3