sống

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Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *k-roːŋʔ (back of the blade), from Proto-Mon-Khmer *ruŋʔ ~ *ruuŋ() ~ *ruəŋ() (ridge; spine; back); cognate with North Central Vietnamese trống, Bahnar rŏng (behind, in back of).

Noun[edit]

sống (𦡠, 𧚠, 𩩇, 𩩖, 𬴑)

  1. (chiefly in compounds) a spine
    thấy lạnh sống lưng
    to feel the chills down one's spine
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *k-roːŋʔ (alive; raw), cognate with Muong khống. Perhaps related to Proto-Mon-Khmer *gj(u)ŋ (to be alive), whence Mon ဂျိုၚ် (càŋ).

Verb[edit]

sống (𤯩, 𠸙, 𤯨, 𫪹)

  1. to live
Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sống (𤯩, 𩀳, 𪁇) (fully reduplicated form sông sống)

  1. living
    người sống
    the living
  2. alive
    Hắn còn sống.
    He's still alive
  3. live
  4. raw
    rau sống
    raw vegetables
  5. undercooked
    cơm sống
    undercooked rice