reader

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See also: Reader

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English reder, redar, redere, redare, from Old English rēdere, rǣdere (a reader; scholar; diviner), from Proto-West Germanic *rādāri, equivalent to read +‎ -er. Cognate with Saterland Frisian Räider (advisor), Dutch rader (advisor), German Rater (advisor).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

reader (plural readers)

  1. A person who reads.
    an early reader, a talented reader
  2. A person who reads a publication.
    10,000 weekly readers
  3. A person who recites literary works, usually to an audience.
  4. A proofreader.
    Synonyms: proofreader, printer's reader
  5. A person employed by a publisher to read works submitted for publication and determine their merits.
    Synonyms: publisher's reader, first reader
  6. A position attached to aristocracy, or to the wealthy, with the task of reading aloud, often in a foreign language.
    • 1834, Letitia Elizabeth Landon, Francesca Carrara, volume 2, pages 83-84:
      "I am commissioned by the Queen to offer you the place of Italian reader; and I assure you the offer was made with many kind expressions of interest. You will enter upon the duties, which are almost nominal, immediately."
  7. (chiefly Britain) A university lecturer ranking below a professor.
  8. Any device that reads something.
    a card reader, a microfilm reader
  9. A book of exercises to accompany a textbook.
  10. An elementary textbook for those learning to read, especially for foreign languages.
  11. A literary anthology.
  12. A lay or minor cleric who reads lessons in a church service.
  13. (advertising) A newspaper advertisement designed to look like a news article rather than a commercial solicitation.
    Synonym: reading notice
  14. (in the plural) Reading glasses.
  15. (slang, gambling, in the plural) Marked playing cards used by cheats.
    • 1961, United States. Congress. Senate. Government Operations, Gambling and Organized Crime, Parts 1, 2, 3. 87-1 (page 286)
      LUMINOUS READERS—Marked cards that can be read only through tinted glasses.
    • 1991, John Bowyer Bell, Barton Whaley, Cheating and Deception (page 185)
      Of the 150,000,000 decks of cards sold each year in America, Scarne estimates that 1 percent get marked at some point. Yet, as he discovered in his 1972 gambling survey, only 2 percent of average players have any idea of how to detect these "readers."

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