aristocracy

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Middle French aristocratie, from Medieval Latin *aristocratia, from Ancient Greek ἀριστοκρατίᾱ (aristokratíā, the rule of the best“, that is, “the best-born”, “nobility), from ἄριστος (áristos, best, noblest) + -κρατίᾱ (-kratíā), from κράτος (krátos, power, rule).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aristocracy (countable and uncountable, plural aristocracies)

  1. The nobility, or the hereditary ruling class.
    • 1791, Thomas Paine, Rights of Man:
      That, then, which is called aristocracy in some countries and nobility in others arose out of the governments founded upon conquest.
  2. Government by such a class, or a state with such a government
  3. A class of people considered (not normally universally) superior to others

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Further reading[edit]