κράτος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*kret-

From Proto-Indo-European *kret-. Cognates include Sanskrit क्रतु ‎(krátu), Avestan 𐬑𐬭𐬀𐬙𐬎 ‎(xratu-), and Old English heard ‎(hard). More at hard.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

κρᾰ́τος ‎(krátosn ‎(genitive κρᾰ́τεος or κρᾰ́τους); third declension kratos may be Romanised forms of Ancient Greek κρᾰ́τος.

  1. might, strength
  2. act of strength, act of valour
  3. (in the plural) acts of violence
  4. dominion, power
    • 66-90 CE, Jude, Epistle of Jude 1.25
      μόνῳ σοφῷ Θεῷ σωτῆρι ἡμῶν δόξα καὶ μεγαλωσύνη, κράτος καὶ ἐξουσία, καὶ νῦν καὶ εἰς πάντας τοὺς αἰῶνας Ἀμήν
      To God, our saviour, who alone is wise, be glory and majesty, power and authority, both now and in every age, amen.

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*kret-

From Ancient Greek κράτος ‎(krátos, might, power), from Proto-Indo-European *kret-.

Noun[edit]

κράτος ‎(krátosn ‎(plural κράτη)

  1. state, sovereign country

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]