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See also:
U+78EF, 磯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-78EF

[U+78EE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+78F0]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 112 +12, 17 strokes, cangjie input 一口女戈戈 (MRVII), four-corner 12653, composition)

  1. jetty
  2. submerged rock
  3. eddy

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 836, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24465
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1253, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2458, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+78EF

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯl
*kɯl
*kɯl
*kɯl
*kɯl
*kɯl
*kɯl, *kɯls
*kɯl, *kɯlʔ, *ɡɯl, *ɡɯls
*kɯl
*kɯl
*kɯl
*kɯlʔ, *ɡɯl
*kɯlʔ
*ɡɯl

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kɯl): semantic  (stone) + phonetic  (OC *kɯl, *kɯlʔ, *ɡɯl, *ɡɯls).

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (20)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨi/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨi/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiəi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨj/
Li
Rong
/kiəi/
Wang
Li
/kĭəi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ke̯i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5791
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯl/
Notes

Definitions[edit]


  1. jetty
  2. submerged rock
  3. eddy
  4. breakwater
  5. rock projecting over the water
  6. Rock (The Three Great Rocks of the Yangtze (长江三大名矶): Caishi Rock (采石矶), in Ma'anshan, Anhui; Swallow Rock (燕子矶), Yanziji Subdistrict, Qixia District, Nanjing; Chengling Rock (城陵矶), Yueyanglou, Yueyang, Hunan)
  7. used in location names in Anhui, Fujian, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong and Zhejiang
  8. used in transliteration of foreign names (Los Angeles, etc.)
  9. ancient: to splash water with a rock (as seen in Mengzi Haotianxia); source for the term '激动'

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. used in the term for Isonade (磯撫で)

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune-Reischauer ki, Yale ki)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ki, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.