石斑魚

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See also: 石斑鱼

Chinese[edit]

fish
trad. (石斑魚) 石斑
simp. (石斑鱼) 石斑
Georgia Aquarium - Giant Grouper.jpg

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

石斑魚

  1. grouper

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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石斑魚 (ugui): a Japanese dace.
Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: S Grade: 2
Irregular

Possibly originally a compound of (u, cormorant) +‎ 食い (kui, eating, gobbling, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 食う (kuu, to eat, to gobble)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

石斑魚 (hiragana うぐい, katakana ウグイ, rōmaji ugui, historical hiragana うぐひ)

  1. the Japanese dace, also known as the big-scaled redfin: Tribolodon hakonensis, an edible fish in family Cyprinidae
Usage notes[edit]

This three-kanji spelling is an example of jukujikun.

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ウグイ.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
石斑魚 (ishibushi): a freshwater goby.
Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: S Grade: 2
Irregular

Compound of (ishi, rock, stone) +‎ 伏し (fushi, crouching down, lying down; hiding, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, the continuative or stem form) of verb 伏す (fusu, to crouch down, to lie down; to hide)),[2] from the way the fish seem to crouch down and hide among the stones of the river bed.[1] The fushi changes to bushi as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

石斑魚 (hiragana いしぶし, rōmaji ishibushi)

  1. alternative for  (よし) (のぼり) (yoshinobori): a kind of freshwater goby, any fish of genus Rhinogobius
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ヨシノボリ.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan