成都

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Chinese[edit]

 
finish; complete; accomplish
finish; complete; accomplish; become; turn into; win; succeed; one tenth
 
metropolis; capital city; all
metropolis; capital city; all; both (if two things are involved); entirely; even; already
simp. and trad.
(成都)
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Etymology[edit]

May be the transcription of a native non-Chinese word.

Alternatively, the name may be derived from its status as the new capital of Shu under the ninth king of its Kaiming dynasty, supposedly in homage to King Tai of Zhou's statement that a new settlement needed one year to become a town, two to become a city, and three to become a metropolis ().

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (25) (5)
Final () (121) (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇŋ/ /tuo/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛŋ/ /tuo/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiæŋ/ /to/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiajŋ/ /tɔ/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛŋ/ /to/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛŋ/ /tu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛŋ/ /tuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chéng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sing4 dou1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chéng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyeng › ‹ tu ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]eŋ/ /*tˁa/
English to become (v.i.) capital city

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 1417 16968
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djeŋ/ /*taː/
Notes

Proper noun[edit]

成都

  1. () Chengdu (a subprovincial city, the provincial capital of Sichuan, in southwestern China; formerly the capital of the kingdom of Shu)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (成都):
  • Japanese: (せい)() (Seito)
  • Korean: 성도 (成都, Seongdo)
  • Vietnamese: Thành Đô (成都)

Others:


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 4

Grade: 3
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
成都 (kyūjitai)
Kanji in this term
ちぇん
Grade: 4
どぅ
Grade: 3
Irregular
Alternative spelling
成都 (kyūjitai)

Proper noun[edit]

(せい)() or 成都(チェンドゥ) (Seito or Chendu

  1. Chengdu (a subprovincial city, the provincial capital of Sichuan, in southwestern China)

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

成都 (Seongdo) (hangeul 성도)

  1. Hanja form? of 성도 (Chengdu).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Proper noun[edit]

成都

  1. Hán tự form of Thành Đô (Chengdu).