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U+845A, 葚
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-845A

[U+8459]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+845B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140, +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 廿廿一女 (TTMV), four-corner 44711, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1045, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31416
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1506, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3243, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+845A

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
alt. forms
𣞵

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
葚-seal.svg 葚-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔl'uːm, *r'uːmʔ, *l'um
*ʔl'uːm
*l̥ʰuːmʔ, *l'uːmʔ
*sluːmʔ
*kʰluːm
*kʰluːm, *ʔl'umʔ
*kʰluːm, *ŋɡluːm, *ŋɡluːmʔ, *sɡruːmʔ, *kʰruːm
*kʰluːmʔ, *kʰluːb
*kʰluːms
*kʰuːms
*kʰuːms
*r'uːmʔ
*ʔl'um
*ʔl'um
*ʔl'ums
*l̥ʰumʔ
*l̥ʰumʔ
*kljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljumʔ, *ɡljums
*ɦljumʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɦljumʔ): semantic  (grass; plant) + phonetic  (OC *ɡljumʔ, *ɡljums).

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (27)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʑiɪmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʑimX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑjemX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʑimX/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʑiəmX/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʑĭĕmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑʰi̯əmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shèn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shèn
Middle
Chinese
‹ zyimX ›
Old
Chinese
/*sə-d[ə]mʔ/
English mulberry fruit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11298
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljumʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. mulberry fruit

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sim) (hangeul , revised sim, McCune–Reischauer sim, Yale sim)

  1. (오디): mulberry fruit ()

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  1. ^ 南廣祐 (1997). 敎學古語辭典. 敎學社. p. 968.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thậm, rậm, rườm, rặm)