閣下

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See also: 阁下

Chinese[edit]

council-chamber; shelf
 
under; next; lower
under; next; lower; below; underneath; down(wards); to go down; latter
trad. (閣下)
simp. (阁下)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

閣下

  1. (literary) Your Excellency; His or Her Excellency; Your Honour
  2. (archaic) at the foot of a tower or pavilion

Usage notes[edit]

Originally a term of respect toward members of the nobility; became a more generic term of respect later on.


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
かく > かっ
Grade: 6

Grade: 1
kan’on

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

(かっ)() (kakkaかくか (kakuka)?

  1. Your Excellency; His Excellency; Her Excellency; Your Lordship; His Lordship; Your Ladyship; Her Ladyship; Your Grace; His Grace; Her Grace
    Coordinate terms: 猊下, 殿下, 陛下
    (だい)(とう)(りょう)(かっ)()
    Daitōryō Kakka
    His/Her Excellency the President; Mr./Madam President
    ヨーク(こう)(かっ)()
    Yōku Kō Kakka
    His Grace the Duke of York

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

閣下 (gakha) (hangeul 각하)

  1. Hanja form? of 각하 (Excellency; President).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Pronoun[edit]

閣下

  1. chữ Hán form of các hạ ((Chinese fiction, honorific) you).