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From Middle English pavilloun, from Anglo-Norman pavilloun, from Latin pāpiliōnem, form of pāpiliō (butterfly, moth) (due to resemblance of tent to a butterfly’s wings), of unknown origin.[1] Doublet of papillon.

Cognate to French pavillon (pavilion) and papillon (butterfly), and similar terms in other Romance languages.


  • IPA(key): /pəˈvɪljən/
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pavilion (plural pavilions)

  1. An ornate tent.
  2. A light roofed structure used as a shelter in a public place.
  3. A structure, sometimes temporary, erected to house exhibits at a fair, etc.
  4. (cricket) The building where the players change clothes, wait to bat, and eat their meals.
  5. A detached or semi-detached building at a hospital or other building complex.
  6. The lower surface of a brilliant-cut gemstone, lying between the girdle and collet.
  7. (anatomy) The cartiliginous part of the outer ear; auricle.
  8. (anatomy) The fimbriated extremity of the Fallopian tube.
  9. (military) A flag, ensign, or banner.
    1. A flag or ensign carried at the gaff of the mizzenmast.
  10. (heraldry) A tent used as a bearing.
  11. A covering; a canopy; figuratively, the sky.


Related terms[edit]


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.


pavilion (third-person singular simple present pavilions, present participle pavilioning, simple past and past participle pavilioned)

  1. (transitive) To furnish with a pavilion.
  2. (transitive) To put inside a pavilion.
  3. (transitive, figuratively) To enclose or surround (after Robert Grant's hymn line "pavilioned in splendour").



  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “pavilion”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.



From French pavillon or German Pavillon.


pavilion n (plural pavilioane)

  1. pavilion, gazebo