جناح

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Uncertain; no Semitic cognates exist which are not suspected to be borrowed from Arabic. Likely related to Egyptian ḏnḥ, either through inheritance or through borrowing; also compare ⁧جَنَحَ(janaḥa, to lean) (both referring to the concept of side).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /d͡ʒa.naːħ/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

جَنَاح (janāḥm (pluralأَجْنِحَة(ʔajniḥa) orأَجْنُح(ʔajnuḥ))

  1. wing (organ of flight)
  2. wing (part of army)
  3. wing (part of building)
  4. shoulder, arm, hand
  5. side, edge
  6. fin
  7. projecting roof
  8. protection, refuge
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Persian; compare modern Persianگناه(gonâh).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

جُنَاح (junāḥm

  1. (singular only) blame, misdemeanor, transgression, wrong
    Synonym:ذَنْب(ḏanb)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 4:102:
      وَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ إِن كَانَ بِكُمْ أَذًى مِّن مَّطَرٍ أَوْ كُنْتُم مَّرْضَىٰ أَن تَضَعُوا أَسْلِحَتَكُمْ وَخُذُوا حِذْرَكُمْ
      walā junāḥa ʕalaykum ʔin kāna bikum ʔaḏan mmin mmaṭarin ʔaw kuntum mmarḍā ʔan taḍaʕū ʔasliḥatakum waḵuḏū ḥiḏrakum
      There is no blame upon you if ye are vexed by rain or ye are sick that ye lay down your arms, but exercise caution.
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

Egyptian Arabic[edit]

Noun[edit]

جناح (genāḥm

  1. wing

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Root
ج ن ح
1 term

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicجَنَاح(janāḥ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

جناح (jnāḥm (pluralجوانح(jwānaḥ) orجناحات(jnāḥāt) orأجنحة(ʔajniḥa))

  1. wing