ذنب

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See also:دنتandدنب

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of the root ⁧ذ ن ب(ḏ-n-b). The noun “tail” is reconstructible as Proto-Semitic *ḏanab-.

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

ذَنَب (ḏanabm (pluralأَذْنَاب(ʔaḏnāb))

  1. tail, end
    Synonym:ذَيْل(ḏayl)
  2. adherent, follower, henchman
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Maltese: denb
  • Middle Armenian: զանապ (zanap)
  • Persian: ⁧ذنب(zanab)

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

ذَنَبَ (ḏanaba) I, non-pastيَذْنِبُorيَذْنُبُ⁩‎ (yaḏnibu or yaḏnubu)

  1. to follow
Conjugation[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

ذَنَّبَ (ḏannaba) II, non-pastيُذَنِّبُ⁩‎ (yuḏannibu)

  1. to furnish with a tail, to provide a start to
Conjugation[edit]

Pronunciation 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

ذَنْب (ḏanbm (pluralذُنُوب(ḏunūb))

  1. (Islam, law) crime, offense, sin
    Synonyms:خَطِيئَة(ḵaṭīʔa), ⁧إِثْم(ʔiṯm)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 3:193:
      رَبَّنَا فَٱغْفِرْ لَنَا ذُنُوبَنَا وَكَفِّرْ عَنَّا سَيِّئَاتِنَا وَتَوَفَّنَا مَعَ الْأَبْرَارِ
      rabbanā faḡfir lanā ḏunūbanā wakaffir ʕannā sayyiʔātinā watawaffanā maʕa l-ʔabrāri
      Our Lord! Lo! we have heard a crier calling unto Faith: "Believe ye in your Lord!" So we believed. Our Lord! Therefor forgive us our sins, and remit from us our evil deeds, and make us die the death of the righteous.
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 81:8-9:
      وَإِذَا ٱلۡمَوۡءُودَةُ سُئِلَتۡ ۝ بِأَيِّ ذَنۢبࣲ قُتِلَتۡ ۝
      And when the girl-child that was buried alive is asked. 9. For what sin she was slain
  2. guilt
    Synonym:إِثْم(ʔiṯm)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

(via plural form ⁧ذُنُوب(ḏunūb))

References[edit]

  • “⁧ذنب⁩” in Almaany
  • Freytag, Georg (1833), “ذنب”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 96

Hijazi Arabic[edit]

Root
ذ ن ب
1 term

Etymology 1[edit]

Learned borrowing from Arabicذَنْب(ḏanb).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ذنب (zanbm (pluralذُنوب(zunūb))

  1. guilt
  2. sin

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabicذَنَّبَ(ḏannaba).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /zan.nab/, /ðan.nab/

Verb[edit]

ذَنَّب (zannab) II (non-pastيِذَنِّب(yizannib))

  1. to cause guilt
  2. to scold
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of ⁧ذنب(zannab)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m ذنبت(zannabt) ذنبت(zannabt) ذنب(zannab) ذنبنا(zannabna) ذنبتوا(zannabtu) ذنبوا(zannabu)
f ذنبتي(zannabti) ذنبت(zannabat)
non-past m أذنب(ʔazannib) تذنب(tizannib) يذنب(yizannib) نذنب(nizannib) تذنبوا(tizannibu) يذنبوا(yizannibu)
f تذنبي(tizannibi) تذنب(tizannib)
imperative m ذنب(zannib) ذنبوا(zannibu)
f ذنبي(zannibi)

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicذَنْب(ḏanb).

Noun[edit]

ذنب (zenb) (pluralذنوب(zünūb))

  1. guilt, sin
    Synonyms:صوچ(suç), ⁧گناه(günah)

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicذَنَب(ḏanab, tail).

Noun[edit]

ذنب (zeneb) (pluralاذناب(ezneb))

  1. tail, the appendage of an animal that is attached to its posterior
    Synonyms:دم(dum), ⁧دمبال(dumbal), ⁧قویروق(kuyruk)
  2. (by extension) object or part of an object resembling a tail in shape
  3. (botany) pedicel, the stalk of an individual flower or fruit
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]